Faculty

Grace S. Brush

Professor

Research Interests

ecology, paleoecology, plant geography

Education
  • Ph.D. 1956, Harvard University
  • M.S. 1951, University of Illinois
  • B.A. 1949, St. Francis Xavier University
Research Areas
Awards
  • Cocos Lecturer - Duke University Marine Laboratory
  • Exchange Scientist - National Academy of Science Interacademy - Czechoslovakia
  • George E. Owen Teaching Award
  • Individual Award for Leadership in Environmental Stewardship - Center for a Livable Future
  • 2015:  Fellow
  • 2015:  Heritage Award
  • 2014:  Directors Award
  • 2013:  Keynote Speaker
  • 2013:  Geddes Simpson Endowed Lecture
  • 2009:  Henry Darwin Rogers Lecture - Awards Ceremony - University of Pennsylvania
  • 2007:  Odum Life Achievement Award - Estuarine Research Foundation
  • 2007:  Visiting Professor - Ecole Polytechnique Federale du Lausanne - Switzerland
  • 2006:  Keynote Opening Talk
  • 2004:  Mathias Medal 2004
  • 2003:  Distinguished Lecture Series
  • 2003:  Moore Endowed Lecture in Environmental Sciences - University of Virginia
  • 1995:  Bullard Fellow - Harvard University
Journal Articles
  • Sowers, A. A., Brush, G. (2014).  A Paleoecological History of the Late Precolonial and Postcolonial Mesohaline Chesapeake Bay Food Web.  Estuaries and Coasts.  37(6).  1506-1515.
  • Martin, M. D., Zimmer, E. A., Olsen, M. T., Foote, A. D., Gilbert, M. T., Brush, G. (2014).  Herbarium specimens reveal a historical shift in phylogeographic structure of common ragweed during native range disturbance.  Molecular Ecology.  23(7).  1701-1716.
  • Martin, M., Chamecki, M., Brush, G. (2010).  Anthesis synchronization and floral morphology determine diurnal patterns of ragweed pollen dispersal.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.  150(9).  1307-1317.
  • BRUSH, G. (2009).  Historical Land Use, Nitrogen, and Coastal Eutrophication: A Paleoecological Perspective.  ESTUARIES AND COASTS.  32(1).  18-28.
  • Martin, M. D., Chamecki, M., Brush, G., Meneveau, C., Parlange, M. B. (2009).  Pollen clumping and wind dispersal in an invasive angiosperm.  American journal of botany.  96(9).  1703–1711.
  • CADENASSO, M., PICKETT, S., GROFFMAN, P., BAND, L., BRUSH, G., GALVIN, M., GROVE, J., HAGAR, G., MARSHALL, V., MCGRATH, B., ONEIL-DUNNE, J., STACK, W., TROY, A. (2008).  Exchanges across land-water-scape boundaries in urban systems - Strategies for reducing nitrate pollution.  YEAR IN ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 2008.  1134.  213-232.
  • BAIN, D., BRUSH, G. (2008).  Gradients, property templates, and land use change.  PROFESSIONAL GEOGRAPHER.  60(2).  224-237.
  • Van Hout, R., Chamecki, M., Brush, G., Katz, J., Parlange, M. (2008).  The influence of local meteorological conditions on the circadian rhythm of corn (< i> Zea mays L.) pollen emission.  agricultural and forest meteorology.  148(6).  1078–1092.
  • VAN HOUT, R., CHAMECKI, M., Brush, G., Katz, J., PARLANGE, M. (2008).  The influence of local meteorological conditions on the circadian rhythm of corn (Zea mays L.) pollen emission.  AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY.  148(6-7).  1078-1092.
  • GROFFMAN, P., POUYAT, R., CADENASSO, M., ZIPPERER, W., Szlavecz, K., YESILONIS, I., BAND, L., BRUSH, G. (2006).  Land use context and natural soil controls on plant community composition and soil nitrogen and carbon dynamics in urban and rural forests.  FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT.  236(2-3).  177-192.
  • HILGARTNER, W., BRUSH, G. (2006).  Prehistoric habitat stability and post-settlement habitat change in a Chesapeake Bay freshwater tidal wetland, USA.  HOLOCENE.  16(4).  479-494.
  • ELLIOTT, E., BRUSH, G. (2006).  Sedimented organic nitrogen isotopes in freshwater wetlands record long-term changes in watershed nitrogen source and land use.  ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY.  40(9).  2910-2916.
  • BAIN, D., BRUSH, G. (2005).  Early chromite mining and agricultural clearance: Opportunities for the investigation of agricultural sediment dynamics in the Eastern Piedmont (USA).  AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE.  305(9).  957-981.
  • KEMP, W., BOYNTON, W., ADOLF, J., BOESCH, D., BOICOURT, W., Brush, G., CORNWELL, J., FISHER, T., GLIBERT, P., HAGY, J., HARDING, L., HOUDE, E., KIMMEL, D., MILLER, W., NEWELL, R., ROMAN, M., SMITH, E., STEVENSON, J. (2005).  Eutrophication of Chesapeake Bay: historical trends and ecological interactions.  MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES.  303.  1-29.
  • BRUSH, G. (2005).  Review of Foster, D. R. and J. D. Aber (eds.) Forests in Time: The Environmental Consequences of 1,000 years of change in New England.  Conservation Biology.  19(3).  979-981.
  • KATZ, R., BRUSH, G., PARLANGE, M. (2005).  Statistics of extremes: Modeling ecological disturbances.  ECOLOGY.  86(5).  1124-1134.
  • BAIN, D., BRUSH, G. (2004).  Placing the pieces: Reconstructing the original property mosaic in a warrant and patent watershed.  LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY.  19(8).  843-856.
  • GROFFMAN, P., BAIN, D., BAND, L., BELT, K., BRUSH, G., GROVE, J., POUYAT, R., YESILONIS, I., ZIPPERER, W. (2003).  Down by the riverside: urban riparian ecology.  FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT.  1(6).  315-321.
  • PASTERNACK, G., BRUSH, G. (2002).  Biogeomorphic controls on sedimentation and substrate on a vegetated tidal freshwater delta in upper Chesapeake Bay.  GEOMORPHOLOGY.  43(3-4).  293-311.
  • CURTIN, P. D., Brush, G., Fisher, G. (2001).  Discovering the Chesapeake: the history of an ecosystem..  Discovering the Chesapeake: the history of an ecosystem..  i-xxiii, 1-385.
  • ELLIOTT, E. M., Brush, G. (2001).  Historical variations in nitrogen source to wetlands.  Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts.  86.  276.
  • PASTERNACK, G., BRUSH, G., HILGARTNER, W. (2001).  Impact of historic land-use change on sediment delivery to a Chesapeake Bay subestuarine delta.  EARTH SURFACE PROCESSES AND LANDFORMS.  26(4).  409-427.
  • BRUSH, G. (2001).  Natural and anthropogenic changes in Chesapeake Bay during the last 1000 years.  HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT.  7(5).  1283-1296.
  • PASTERNACK, G., BRUSH, G. (2001).  Seasonal variations in sedimentation and organic content in five plant associations on a Chesapeake Bay tidal freshwater delta.  ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE.  53(1).  93-106.
  • PASTERNACK, G., HILGARTNER, W., BRUSH, G. (2000).  Biogeomorphology of an upper Chesapeake Bay river-mouth tidal freshwater marsh.  WETLANDS.  20(3).  520-537.
  • BRUSH, G., HILGARTNER, W. (2000).  Paleoecology of submerged macrophytes in the upper Chesapeake Bay.  ECOLOGICAL MONOGRAPHS.  70(4).  645-667.
  • BRUSH, G. (1999).  Ecological Consequences of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation.  International Journal of Sediment Research, Special Issue on Sediment Transport and Disasters.  14(2).  355-361.
  • PASTERNACK, G., BRUSH, G. (1998).  Sedimentation cycles in a river-mouth tidal freshwater marsh.  ESTUARIES.  21(3).  407-415.
  • HILGARTNER, W. B., KHAN, H., Brush, G. (1997).  Long-term history of species turnover in tidal freshwater vegetation.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  78(4 SUPPL.).  108.
  • KHAN, H., BRUSH, G. (1994).  NUTRIENT AND METAL ACCUMULATION IN A FRESH-WATER TIDAL MARSH.  ESTUARIES.  17(2).  345-360.
  • YUAN, S., Brush, G. (1994).  Postglacial migration of a Coastal Plain river.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  75(2 PART 2).  256.
  • SHEA, R. H., Brush, G. (1994).  Vegetation associations in the Piedmont region of Maryland: A comparison of association composition over twenty years.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  75(2 PART 2).  210.
  • COOPER, SR., BRUSH, G. (1993).  A 2,500-YEAR HISTORY OF ANOXIA AND EUTROPHICATION IN CHESAPEAKE BAY.  ESTUARIES.  16(3B).  617-626.
  • Brush, G. (1993).  Changes in forest and landscape diversity since European settlement in mid-Atlantic USA.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  74(2 SUPPL.).  178.
  • HILGARTNER, W. B., Brush, G. (1993).  Fluctuations in precipitation levels over the last 1400 years: Evidence from plant macrofossils in tidal freshwater high marshes in the mid-Atlantic region, USA.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  74(2 SUPPL.).  277.
  • KHAN, H., Brush, G. (1993).  Nutrient and metal retention in a freshwater tidal marsh.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  74(2 SUPPL.).  306.
  • FLETCHER, C., VANPELT, J., BRUSH, G., SHERMAN, J. (1993).  TIDAL WETLAND RECORD OF HOLOCENE SEA-LEVEL MOVEMENTS AND CLIMATE HISTORY.  PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY.  102(3-4).  177-213.
  • B, H. W., S, B. G., N, S. F. (1992).  A PALEOECOLOGICAL STUDY OF HURRICANE SUCCESSION IN THE LUQUILLO MOUNTAINS PUERTO RICO.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  73(2 SUPPL).  207.
  • S, B. G., B, H. (1992).  PALYNOLOGY OF A PRE-WISCONSIN INTERGLACIAL SEQUENCE IN THE COASTAL PLAIN IN MARYLAND.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  73(2 SUPPL).  127.
  • S, Y., S, B. G. (1992).  POSTGLACIAL VEGETATION HISTORY OF THE COASTAL PLAIN OF MARYLAND.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  73(2 SUPPL).  396.
  • COOPER, SR., BRUSH, G. (1991).  LONG-TERM HISTORY OF CHESAPEAKE BAY ANOXIA.  SCIENCE.  254(5034).  992-996.
  • BRUSH, G. (1991).  STRATIGRAPHIC HISTORY HELPS US UNDERSTAND TODAYS CHESAPEAKE BAY.  GEOTIMES.  36(12).  21-23.
  • B, H. W., S, B. G. (1990).  A 1500 YEAR HISTORY OF VEGETATION IN A FRESHWATER TIDAL WETLAND.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  71(2 SUPPL).  189.
  • S, B. G., E, T. P., A, H. L. (1990).  LATE HOLOCENE FORESTS IN MID-ATLANTIC USA.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  71(2 SUPPL).  106-107.
  • R, C. S., S, B. G. (1990).  PALEOECOLOGY OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY USA USING FOSSIL DIATOM ASSEMBLAGES.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  71(2 SUPPL).  126.
  • BRUSH, G. (1989).  RATES AND PATTERNS OF ESTUARINE SEDIMENT ACCUMULATION.  LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY.  34(7).  1235-1246.
  • Brush, G. (1986).  Geology and paleoecology of Chesapeake Bay: a long-term monitoring tool for management.  Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.  76(3).  146-160.
  • S, B. G. (1985).  THE MIDDLE AND LATE HOLOCENE POLLEN RECORD IN CHESAPEAKE BAY USA.  Palynology.  9.  237.
  • BRUSH, G. (1984).  PATTERNS OF RECENT SEDIMENT ACCUMULATION IN CHESAPEAKE BAY (VIRGINIA MARYLAND, USA) TRIBUTARIES.  CHEMICAL GEOLOGY.  44(1-3).  227-242.
  • BRUSH, G. (1984).  STRATIGRAPHIC EVIDENCE OF EUTROPHICATION IN AN ESTUARY.  WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH.  20(5).  531-541.
  • BRUSH, G., DAVIS, F. (1984).  STRATIGRAPHIC EVIDENCE OF HUMAN DISTURBANCE IN AN ESTUARY.  QUATERNARY RESEARCH.  22(1).  91-108.
  • BRUSH, G. (1982).  AN ENVIRONMENTAL-ANALYSIS OF FOREST PATTERNS.  AMERICAN SCIENTIST.  70(1).  18-25.
  • BRUSH, G., MARTIN, E., DEFRIES, R., RICE, C. (1982).  COMPARISONS OF PB-210 AND POLLEN METHODS FOR DETERMINING RATES OF ESTUARINE SEDIMENT ACCUMULATION.  QUATERNARY RESEARCH.  18(2).  196-217.
  • BRUSH, G., DEFRIES, R. (1981).  SPATIAL DISTRIBUTIONS OF POLLEN IN SURFACE SEDIMENTS OF THE POTOMAC ESTUARY.  LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY.  26(2).  295-309.
  • BRUSH, G., LENK, C., Smith, J. (1980).  THE NATURAL FORESTS OF MARYLAND - AN EXPLANATION OF THE VEGETATION MAP OF MARYLAND.  ECOLOGICAL MONOGRAPHS.  50(1).  77-&.
  • Brush, G., Brush, L. M. (1972).  Transport of pollen in a sediment-laden channel: a laboratory study.  American Journal of Science.  272.  359-381.
  • Brush, G. (1966).  The absence of pollen and spores in some Triassic sediments.  Journal of Paleontology.  40.  1241-1243.
  • Walker, P. H., Brush, G. (1964).  Observations on bog and pollen stratigraphy of the DesMoines glacial lobe, Iowa.  Iowa Academy of Sciences Proceedings.  70.  253-260.
  • Brush, G., Barghoorn, E. S. (1962).  Identification and structure of Cordaitean pollen.  Journal of Paleontology.  36.  1356-1361.
  • Brush, G., Barghoorn, E. S. (1955).  Kallostachys scottii: a new genus of Sphenopsid cones for the Carboniferous.  Phytomorphology.  5.  346-356.
  • Brush, G., Barghoorn, E. S. (1955).  Kallostachys scottii: a new genus of Sphenopsid cones for the Carboniferous.  Phytomorphology.  5.  346-356.
  • Brush, G., Barghoorn, E. S. (1955).  Kallostachys scottii: a new genus of Sphenopsid cones for the Carboniferous.  Phytomorphology.  5.  346-356.
Books
  • Brush, G. (2017).  Decoding the Deep Sediments - the Ecological History of Chesapeake Bay.  Maryland Sea Grant Perspectives Series.  76.
  • Brush, G. S. (2015).  The Ecological History of Chesapeake Bay: Decoding the Deep Sediments.  Maryland Sea Grant Perspectives Series .  Maryland Sea Grant Perspectives Series.  N.
  • Brush, G. S. (2015).  The Ecological History of Chesapeake Bay: Decoding the Deep Sediments.  Maryland Sea Grant Perspectives Series.  NA(NA).
  • Brush, G. S. (2015).  The Ecology of the Chesapeake Bay: Decoding the Deep Sediments.  Monograph, Perspective Series, commissioned by and to be published by Maryland Sea GrantMaryland Sea Grant.  Perspective Series, Maryland Sea Grant.
  • Rountree, H. C., Clark, W. E., Mountford, K., Brush, G. S. (contributing author). (2007).  John Smith’s Chesapeake Voyages 1607-1609.  University of Virginia Press.
Book Chapters
  • Brush, G. S., Bain, D. J. (2016).  Long Term Trends in Urban Forest Succession.  Baltimore Ecosystem Synthesis Volume.
  • Canuel, E. A., S., G., Cronin, T. M., Lockwood, R. L., Zimmerman, A. R. (2011).  Paleoecology Studies in the Chesapeake Bay: a model system for understanding interactions between climate, anthropogenic activities, and the environment..  Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research.  Springer.  in press.
  • Brush, G. (2001).  Forests before and after the colonial encounter.  Discovering the Chesapeake: the history of an ecosystem.  Johns Hopkins University Press.  40-59.
  • Brush, G. (1997).  History and impact of humans on Chesapeake Bay.  Ecosystem Function and Human Activities: Reconciling Economics and Society.
  • Brush, G. (1994).  Human impact on estuarine ecosystems: an historical perspective.  Global Environmental Change: Geographical Perspectives.  Blackwell.  397-416.
  • Brush, G., Brush, L. M. (1994).  Transport and deposition of pollen in an estuary; a signature of the landscape.  Sedimentation of Organic Particles.  Cambridge University Press.  33-46.
  • Brush, G. (1967).  Pollen analysis of late glacial sediments in Iowa.  Quaternary Paleoecology.  Yale University Press.  99-115.
Other Publications
  • Pickett, S., Brush, G., Felson, A. J., McGrath, B. P., Grove, J. M., Nilon, C. H., Szlavecz, K., Swan, C., Warren, P. S. (2011).  The Baltimore Ecosystem Study: understanding and working with urban biodiversity..  in press.
  • Brush, G., Bain, D. J. (2011).  Tree community response to historical land use in the Gwynns Falls watershed, an urban watershed in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain of Maryland, USA.
  • Nichols, M. N., Brush, G. (1987).  Man’s long-term impact on sedimentation: evidence from salt pond deposits.
Conference Proceedings
  • Brush, G.  Historical agricultural transitions and changes in material fluxes from the landscape.  The Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, August 1-6, 2010.  Ecological Society of America.  126.
  • Martin, M., Brush, G., Zimmer, E. A.  Temporal phylogeographyin the native range of invasive common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)..  Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, August 1-6, 2010.  124.
  • Sowers, A., Brush, G.  Variability in the paleoecological record of sediment cores in the Chesapeake Bay due to core location.  Geological Society of America meeting of Northeastern and Southeastern Sections.  Geological Society of America Program.  43.
  • "Tree distributions, subsurface characteristics and nitrogen cycling", American Geophysical Union.  San Francisco, CA.  December 15, 2014
  • Climate, humans and the Chesapeake Bay.  Anita C. Leight Estuary Center, Otter Point Creek, MD.  November 8, 2014
  • "Effect of climate change and land use on mid-Atlantic USA vegetation", Ecological Society of America.  Sacramento, CA.  August 11, 2014
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