Faculty

Grace S. Brush

Professor

Research Interests

ecology, paleoecology, plant geography

Education
  • Ph.D. 1956, HARVARD UNIVERSITY
Experience
  • 2015 - 2015:  Board Member, Urban Resources Initiative
  • 2012 - Present:  Department Graduate Student Admissions, Department Graduate Student Admissions
  • 2011 - 2011:  Swamps and the City, Baltimore Ecosystem Study, http://besdirector.blogspot.com, Unspecified
  • 2011 - 2011:  Department Graduate Student Admissions, Department Graduate Student Admissions
  • 2010 - 2010:  Department Graduate Student Admissions, Department Graduate Student Admissions
  • 2007 - 2016:  LECTURER, WSE Engineering for Professionals (EP)
  • 1999 - 2010:  Society of Scholars, Society of Scholars
  • 1991 - 1992:  Chair, Ecological Society of America
Awards
  • 2018:  Individual Award for Leadership in Environmental Stewardship - Center for a Livable Future
  • 2018:  Exchange Scientist - National Academy of Science Interacademy - Czechoslovakia
  • 2018:  George E. Owen Teaching Award
  • 2018:  Cocos Lecturer - Duke University Marine Laboratory
  • 2015:  Fellow
  • 2015:  Heritage Award
  • 2014:  Directors Award
  • 2013:  Geddes Simpson Endowed Lecture
  • 2013:  Keynote Speaker
  • 2009:  Henry Darwin Rogers Lecture - Awards Ceremony - University of Pennsylvania
  • 2007:  Odum Life Achievement Award - Estuarine Research Foundation
  • 2007:  Visiting Professor - Ecole Polytechnique Federale du Lausanne - Switzerland
  • 2006:  Keynote Opening Talk
  • 2004:  Mathias Medal 2004
  • 2003:  Moore Endowed Lecture in Environmental Sciences - University of Virginia
  • 2003:  Distinguished Lecture Series
  • 1995:  Bullard Fellow - Harvard University
Journal Articles
  • Martin MD, Quiroz-Claros E, Brush GS, Zimmer EA (2018).  Herbarium collection-based phylogenetics of the ragweeds (Ambrosia, Asteraceae).  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.  120.
  • Sowers AA, Brush G (2014).  A Paleoecological History of the Late Precolonial and Postcolonial Mesohaline Chesapeake Bay Food Web.  Estuaries and Coasts.  37(6).  1506-1515.
  • Sowers AA, Brush GS (2014).  A Paleoecological History of the Late Precolonial and Postcolonial Mesohaline Chesapeake Bay Food Web.  Estuaries and Coasts.  37(6).
  • Martin MD, Zimmer EA, Olsen MT, Foote AD, Gilbert MTP, Brush GS (2014).  Herbarium specimens reveal a historical shift in phylogeographic structure of common ragweed during native range disturbance.  Molecular Ecology.  23(7).
  • Martin MD, Zimmer EA, Olsen MT, Foote AD, Gilbert MT, Brush G (2014).  Herbarium specimens reveal a historical shift in phylogeographic structure of common ragweed during native range disturbance.  Molecular Ecology.  23(7).  1701-1716.
  • Martin MD, Chamecki M, Brush GS (2010).  Anthesis synchronization and floral morphology determine diurnal patterns of ragweed pollen dispersal.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.  150(9).
  • Martin MD, Chamecki M, Brush GS, Meneveau C, Parlange MB (2009).  Pollen clumping and wind dispersal in an invasive angiosperm.  American Journal of Botany.  96(9).
  • Martin MD, Chamecki M, Brush G, Meneveau C, Parlange MB (2009).  Pollen clumping and wind dispersal in an invasive angiosperm.  American journal of botany.  96(9).  1703-1711.
  • Brush GS (2009).  Historical land use, nitrogen, and coastal eutrophication: A paleoecological perspective.  Estuaries and Coasts.  32(1).
  • van Hout R, Chamecki M, Brush G, Katz J, Parlange MB (2008).  The influence of local meteorological conditions on the circadian rhythm of corn (Zea mays L.) pollen emission.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.  148(6-7).
  • Cadenasso ML, Pickett STA, Groffman PM, Band LE, Brush GS, Galvin MF, Grove JM, Hagar G, Marshall V, McGrath BP, O'Neil-Dunne JPM, Stack WP, Troy AR (2008).  Exchanges across land-water-scape boundaries in urban systems: Strategies for reducing nitrate pollution.  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.  1134.
  • Bain DJ, Brush GS (2008).  Gradients, property templates, and land use change.  Professional Geographer.  60(2).
  • VAN HOUT R, CHAMECKI M, Brush G, Katz J, PARLANGE M (2008).  The influence of local meteorological conditions on the circadian rhythm of corn (Zea mays L.) pollen emission.  AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY.  148(6-7).  1078-1092.
  • Van Hout R, Chamecki M, Brush G, Katz J, Parlange M (2008).  The influence of local meteorological conditions on the circadian rhythm of corn (< i> Zea mays L.) pollen emission.  agricultural and forest meteorology.  148(6).  1078-1092.
  • Groffman PM, Pouyat RV, Cadenasso ML, Zipperer WC, Szlavecz K, Yesilonis ID, Band LE, Brush GS (2006).  Land use context and natural soil controls on plant community composition and soil nitrogen and carbon dynamics in urban and rural forests.  Forest Ecology and Management.  236(2-3).
  • Hilgartner WB, Brush GS (2006).  Prehistoric habitat stability and post-settlement habitat change in a Chesapeake Bay freshwater tidal wetland, USA.  Holocene.  16(4).
  • Elliott EM, Brush GS (2006).  Sedimented organic nitrogen isotopes in freshwater wetlands record long-term changes in watershed nitrogen source and land use.  Environmental Science and Technology.  40(9).
  • Kemp WM, Boynton WR, Adolf JE, Boesch DF, Boicourt WC, Brush G, Cornwell JC, Fisher TR, Glibert PM, Hagy JD, Harding LW, Houde ED, Kimmel DG, Miller WD, Newell RIE, Roman MR, Smith EM, Stevenson JC (2005).  Eutrophication of Chesapeake Bay: Historical trends and ecological interactions.  Marine Ecology Progress Series.  303.
  • Bain DJ, Brush GS (2005).  Early chromite mining and agricultural clearance: Opportunities for the investigation of agricultural sediment dynamics in the Eastern Piedmont (USA).  American Journal of Science.  305(9).
  • Katz RW, Brush GS, Parlange MB (2005).  Statistics of extremes: Modeling ecological disturbances.  Ecology.  86(5).
  • KEMP W, BOYNTON W, ADOLF J, BOESCH D, BOICOURT W, Brush G, CORNWELL J, FISHER T, GLIBERT P, HAGY J, HARDING L, HOUDE E, KIMMEL D, MILLER W, NEWELL R, ROMAN M, SMITH E, STEVENSON J (2005).  Eutrophication of Chesapeake Bay: historical trends and ecological interactions.  MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES.  303.  1-29.
  • Bain DJ, Brush GS (2005).  Placing the pieces: Reconstructing the original property mosaic in a warrant and patent watershed.  Landscape Ecology.  19(8).
  • Groffman PM, Bain DJ, Band LE, Belt KT, Brush GS, Grove JM, Pouyat RV, Yesilonis IC, Zipperer WC (2003).  Down by the riverside: Urban riparian ecology.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.  1(6).
  • Pasternack GB, Brush GS (2002).  Biogeomorphic controls on sedimentation and substrate on a vegetated tidal freshwater delta in Upper Chesapeake Bay.  Geomorphology.  43(3-4).
  • Brush GS (2001).  Natural and anthropogenic changes in Chesapeake Bay during the last 1000 years.  Human and Ecological Risk Assessment (HERA).  7(5).
  • Pasternack GB, Brush GS (2001).  Seasonal variations in sedimentation and organic content in five plant associations on a Chesapeake Bay tidal freshwater delta.  Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.  53(1).
  • Gorham E, Brush GS, Graumlich LJ, Rosenzweig ML, Johnson AH (2001).  The value of paleoecology as an aid to monitoring ecosystems and landscapes, chiefly with reference to North America.  Environmental Reviews.  9(2).
  • Pasternack GB, Brush GS, Hilgartner WB (2001).  Impact of historic land-use change on sediment delivery to a Chesapeake Bay subestuarine delta.  Earth Surface Processes and Landforms.  26(4).
  • CURTIN PD, Brush G, Fisher G (2001).  Discovering the Chesapeake: the history of an ecosystem..  Discovering the Chesapeake: the history of an ecosystem..  i-xxiii, 1-385.
  • ELLIOTT EM, Brush G (2001).  Historical variations in nitrogen source to wetlands.  Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts.  86.  276.
  • Brush GS, Hilgartner WB (2000).  Paleoecology of submerged macrophytes in the upper Chesapeake Bay.  Ecological Monographs.  70(4).
  • Pasternack GB, Hilgartner WB, Brush GS (2000).  Biogeomorphology of an upper Chesapeake Bay River-Mouth tidal freshwater marsh.  Wetlands.  20(3).
  • Pasternack GB, Brush GS (1998).  Sedimentation cycles in a river-mouth tidal freshwater marsh.  Estuaries.  21(3).
  • Brush G, HILGARTNER WB, KHAN H (1997).  Long-term history of species turnover in tidal freshwater vegetation.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  78(4 SUPPL.).  108.
  • Khan H, Brush GS (1994).  Nutrient and metal accumulation in a freshwater tidal marsh.  Estuaries.  17(2).
  • Brush G, SHEA RH (1994).  Vegetation associations in the Piedmont region of Maryland: A comparison of association composition over twenty years.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  75(2 PART 2).  210.
  • Brush G, YUAN S (1994).  Postglacial migration of a Coastal Plain river.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  75(2 PART 2).  256.
  • Cooper SR, Brush GS (1993).  A 2,500-year history of anoxia and eutrophication in Chesapeake Bay.  Estuaries.  16(3).
  • Brush G (1993).  Changes in forest and landscape diversity since European settlement in mid-Atlantic USA.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  74(2 SUPPL.).  178.
  • Brush G, KHAN H (1993).  Nutrient and metal retention in a freshwater tidal marsh.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  74(2 SUPPL.).  306.
  • Fletcher CH, Van Pelt JE, Brush GS, Sherman J (1993).  Tidal wetland record of holocene sea-level movements and climate history.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.  102(3-4).
  • Brush G, HILGARTNER WB (1993).  Fluctuations in precipitation levels over the last 1400 years: Evidence from plant macrofossils in tidal freshwater high marshes in the mid-Atlantic region, USA.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America.  74(2 SUPPL.).  277.
  • Cooper SR, Brush GS (1991).  Long-term history of Chesapeake Bay anoxia.  Science.  254(5034).
  • Brush GS (1989).  Rates and patterns of estuarine sediment accumulation.  Limnology & Oceanography.  34(7).
  • Brush G (1986).  Geology and paleoecology of Chesapeake Bay: a long-term monitoring tool for management.  Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.  76(3).  146-160.
  • Brush GS (1984).  Stratigraphic evidence of eutrophication in an estuary.  Water Resources Research.  20(5).
  • Brush GS, Davis FW (1984).  Stratigraphic evidence of human disturbance in an estuary.  Quaternary Research.  22(1).
  • Brush GS (1984).  Patterns of recent sediment accumulation in Chesapeake Bay (Virginia-Maryland, U.S.A.) tributaries.  Chemical Geology.  44(1-3).
  • Brush GS (1982).  An environmental analysis of forest patterns - new research focuses on the relationship between plant distributions and habitat ( Maryland)..  American Scientist.  70(1).
  • Brush GS, Martin EA, DeFries RS, Rice CA (1982).  Comparisons of 210Pb and pollen methods for determining rates of estuarine sediment accumulation.  Quaternary Research.  18(2).
  • Brush GS, DeFries RS (1981).  Spatial distributions of pollen in surface sediments of the Potomac estuary.  Limnology and Oceanography.  26(2).
  • Brush G, Brush LM (1972).  Transport of pollen in a sediment-laden channel: a laboratory study.  American Journal of Science.  272.  359-381.
  • Barghoorn ES, Brush G (1955).  Kallostachys scottii: a new genus of Sphenopsid cones for the Carboniferous.  Phytomorphology.  5.  346-356.
  • Barghoorn ES, Brush G (1955).  Kallostachys scottii: a new genus of Sphenopsid cones for the Carboniferous.  Phytomorphology.  5.  346-356.
  • Barghoorn ES, Brush G (1955).  Kallostachys scottii: a new genus of Sphenopsid cones for the Carboniferous.  Phytomorphology.  5.  346-356.
  • Barghoorn ES, Brush G (1962).  Identification and structure of Cordaitean pollen.  Journal of Paleontology.  36.  1356-1361.
  • Brush G, Walker PH (1964).  Observations on bog and pollen stratigraphy of the DesMoines glacial lobe, Iowa.  Iowa Academy of Sciences Proceedings.  70.  253-260.
  • Brush G (1966).  The absence of pollen and spores in some Triassic sediments.  Journal of Paleontology.  40.  1241-1243.
Books
  • Brush G (2017).  Decoding the Deep Sediments - the Ecological History of Chesapeake Bay.  Maryland Sea Grant Perspectives Series.  76.
  • Brush GS (2015).  The Ecological History of Chesapeake Bay: Decoding the Deep Sediments.  Maryland Sea Grant Perspectives Series.  NA(NA).
  • Brush GS (2015).  The Ecology of the Chesapeake Bay: Decoding the Deep Sediments.  Perspective Series, Maryland Sea Grant.
  • Brush GS (2015).  The Ecological History of Chesapeake Bay: Decoding the Deep Sediments.  Maryland Sea Grant Perspectives Series.  N.
Book Chapters
  • Brush G (2001).  Forests before and after the colonial encounter.  Discovering the Chesapeake: the history of an ecosystem.  Johns Hopkins University Press.  40-59.
  • Brush G (1997).  History and impact of humans on Chesapeake Bay.  Ecosystem Function and Human Activities: Reconciling Economics and Society.
  • Brush G, Brush LM (1994).  Transport and deposition of pollen in an estuary; a signature of the landscape.  Sedimentation of Organic Particles.  Cambridge University Press.  33-46.
  • Brush G (1994).  Human impact on estuarine ecosystems: an historical perspective.  Global Environmental Change: Geographical Perspectives.  Blackwell.  397-416.
  • Brush G (1967).  Pollen analysis of late glacial sediments in Iowa.  Quaternary Paleoecology.  Yale University Press.  99-115.
  • Brush GS, Bain DJ (2016).  Long Term Trends in Urban Forest Succession.  Baltimore Ecosystem Synthesis Volume.
Other Publications
  • Brush G, Nichols MN (1987).  Man's long-term impact on sedimentation: evidence from salt pond deposits.
Conference Proceedings
  • Brush G  Historical agricultural transitions and changes in material fluxes from the landscape.  The Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, August 1-6, 2010.  Ecological Society of America.  126.
  • Martin M, Brush G, Zimmer EA  Temporal phylogeographyin the native range of invasive common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)..  Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, August 1-6, 2010.  124.
  • Sowers A, Brush G  Variability in the paleoecological record of sediment cores in the Chesapeake Bay due to core location.  Geological Society of America meeting of Northeastern and Southeastern Sections.  Geological Society of America Program.  43.
  • "Tree distributions, subsurface characteristics and nitrogen cycling", American Geophysical Union.  San Francisco, CA.  December 15, 2014
  • "Climate, humans and the Chesapeake Bay".  Anita C. Leight Estuary Center, Otter Point Creek, MD.  November 8, 2014
  • "Effect of climate change and land use on mid-Atlantic USA vegetation", Ecological Society of America.  Sacramento, CA.  August 11, 2014
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