Faculty

Kenneth Livi

Director of the Materials Characterization and Processing Facility

Research Interests

Characterization of Inorganic and Organic Materials, Biomaterials, Earth Materials, and Surfaces of Nanomaterials through Electron Microscopy

Education
  • Ph.D. 1995, The Johns Hopkins University
Experience
  • 2015 - Present:  Director, Materials Characterization and Processing Center, Whiting School of Engineering
  • 2009 - 2017:  Director, High-Resolution Analytical Electron Microbeam (HRAEM) Facility of the Integreated Imaging Center
  • 2004 - 2014:  Associate Editor, European Journal of Mineralogy
  • 1984 - 2009:  Senior Staff Scientist, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • 1983 - 1984:  Electron Microbeam Technician, SUNY at Stony Brook
  • 1980 - 1983:  Graduate Research Assistant, SUNY at Stony Brook
  • 1978 - 1980:  Undergraduate Research Assistant, SUNY at Stony Brook
Research Areas
  • BIOMATERIALS
  • Characterization of inorganic and organic materials
  • Earth materials
  • Surfaces of nanomaterials through electron microscopy
Awards
  • 2012:  Visiting Professor, Taiyuan University of Technology, China
  • 2011:  Materials Poster Award, Congress on Microscopy
  • 2011:  Visiting Scientist, University of Leeds
  • 2010:  Visiting Scientist, University of Leeds
  • 2008:  Honoree of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
  • 2007:  Vising Professor, Tohoku University, Japan
Journal Articles
  • Raciti D, Cao L, Livi KJT, Rottmann PF, Tang X, Li C, Hicks Z, Bowen KH, Hemker KJ, Mueller T, Wang C (2017).  Low-Overpotential Electroreduction of Carbon Monoxide Using Copper Nanowires.  ACS Catalysis.  7.  4467-4472.
  • Livi KJT, Villalobos M, Leary R, Varela M, Barnard J, Villacís-García M, Zanella R, Goodridge A, Midgley P (2017).  Crystal Face Distributions and Surface Site Densities of Two Synthetic Goethites: Implications for Adsorption Capacities as a Function of Particle Size.  Langmuir.  33.  8924-8932.
  • Cao L, Raciti D, Li C, Livi KJT, Rottmann PF, Hemker KJ, Mueller T, Wang C (2017).  Mechanistic Insights for Low-Overpotential Electroreduction of CO2 to CO on Copper Nanowires.  ACS Catalysis.  7.  8578-8587.
  • Livi KJ, Hodo , Nelms M, Crawford B, Rajendran A (2016).  Multiscale experimental characterization of the delamination resistant mechanisms found in the biomineralized exoskeleton fish scale composite.  Proceedings of the 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exhibition.
  • Wang Q, Liao X, Xu W, Ren Y, Livi KJ, Zhu M (2016).  Synthesis of Birnessite in the Presence of Phosphate, Silicate, or Sulfate.  Inorganic Chemistry.  55(20).  10248-10258.
  • Durkin DP, Ye T, Larson EG, Haverhals LM, Livi KJ, De Long HC, Trulove PC, Fairbrother D, Shuai D (2016).  Lignocellulose Fiber- and Welded Fiber- Supports for Palladium-Based Catalytic Hydrogenation: A Natural Fiber Welding Application for Water Treatment.  ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering.  4(10).  5511-5522.
  • Dahle JT, Livi KJ, Arai Y (2015).  Effects of pH and phosphate on CeO2 nanoparticle dissolution.  Chemosphere.  119.  1365-1371.
  • Livi KJ, Phelan WA, Trump BA, Wallace DC, Arpino KE, Neilson JR, Seabourne CR, Scott AJ, Payzant AE, Hug A, McQueen TM (2015).  Influence of average and local crystal structures on superconductivity in the Bi-OS system.  Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society.  247.
  • Xie KY, Livi KJ, McCauley JW, Hemker KJ (2015).  Precipitation of AlN in a commercial hot-pressed boron carbide.  Scripta Materialia.  101.  95-98.
  • Wadhawan AR, Livi KJ, Stone AT, Bouwer EJ (2015).  Influence of Oxygenation on Chromium Redox Reactions with Manganese Sulfide (MnS(s)).  Environmental Science & Technology.  49(6).  3523-3531.
  • Tang L, Livi KJ, Chen KL (2015).  Polysulfone Membranes Modified with Bioinspired Polydopamine and Silver Nanoparticles Formed in Situ To Mitigate Biofouling.  Environmental Science & Technology Letters.  2(3).  59-65.
  • Overdeep KR, Livi KJ, Allen DJ, Glumac NG, Weihs T (2015).  Using magnesium to maximize heat generated by reactive Al/Zr nanolaminates.  Combustion and Flame.  162(7).  2855-2864.
  • Raciti D, Livi KJ, Wang C (2015).  Highly Dense Cu Nanowires for Low-Overpotential CO2 Reduction.  Nano Letters.  15(10).  6829-6835.
  • Trump BA, Livi KJ, McQueen TM (2014).  The new misfit compound (BiSe)(1.15)(TiSe2)(2) and the role of dimensionality in the Cu-x(BiSe)(1+delta)(TiSe2)(n) series.  Journal of Solid State Chemistry.  209.  6-12.
  • Phelan WA, Trump BA, Wallace DC, Arpino KE, Neilson JR, Livi KJ, Seabourne CR, Scott AJ, Payzant AE, Huq A, McQueen TM (2014).  Influence of average and local crystal structures on superconductivity in the Bi-O-S system.  Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society.  247.
  • Snyder J, Livi KJ, Erlebacher J (2013).  Oxygen Reduction Reaction Performance of MTBD beti -Encapsulated Nanoporous NiPt Alloy Nanoparticles.  Advanced Functional Materials.  23(44).  5494-5501.
  • Livi KJ, Schaffer B, Azzolini D, Seabourne CR, Hardcastle TP, Scott AJ, Hazen RM, Erlebacher J, Brydson R, Sverjensky DA (2013).  Atomic-Scale Surface Roughness of Rutile and Implications for Organic Molecule Adsorption.  Langmuir.  29(23).  6876-6883.
  • Livi KJ, Abad I (2013).  The role of transmission electron microscopy in the study of micas and related minerals in selected metamorphic environments.  Minerals at the Nanoscale.  14.  217-259.
  • Phelan WA, Wallace DC, Arpino KE, Neilson JR, Livi KJ, Seabourne CR, Scott AJ, McQueen TM (2013).  Stacking Variants and Superconductivity in the Bi-O-S System.  Journal of the American Chemical Society.  135(14).  5372-5374.
  • Mlack JT, Rahman A, Johns GL, Livi KJ, Markovic N (2013).  Substrate-independent catalyst-free synthesis of high-purity Bi2Se3 nanostructures.  Applied Physics Letters.  102(19).
  • Zhu M, Farrow CL, Post JE, Livi KJ, Billinge SJ, Ginder-Vogel M, Sparks DL (2012).  Structural study of biotic and abiotic poorly-crystalline manganese oxides using atomic pair distribution function analysis.  Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta.  81.  39-55.
  • Landrot G, Ginder-Vogel M, Livi KJ, Fitts JP, Sparks DL (2012).  Chromium(III) Oxidation by Three Poorly-Crystalline Manganese(IV) Oxides. 1. Chromium(III)-Oxidizing Capacity.  Environmental Science & Technology.  46(21).  11594-11600.
  • Li W, Livi KJ, Xu W, Siebecker MG, Wang Y, Phillips BL, Sparks DL (2012).  Formation of Crystalline Zn-Al Layered Double Hydroxide Precipitates on gamma-Alumina: The Role of Mineral Dissolution.  Environmental Science & Technology.  46(21).  11670-11677.
  • Landrot G, Ginder-Vogel M, Livi KJ, Fitts JP, Sparks DL (2012).  Chromium(III) Oxidation by Three Poorly Crystalline Manganese(IV) Oxides. 2. Solid Phase Analyses.  Environmental Science & Technology.  46(21).  11601-11609.
  • Livi KJ, Lafferty B, Zhu M, Zhang S, Gaillot A, Sparks DL (2012).  Electron Energy-Loss Safe-Dose Limits for Manganese Valence Measurements in Environmentally Relevant Manganese Oxides.  Environmental Science & Technology.  46(2).  970-976.
  • Richman JD, Livi KJ, Geyh AS (2011).  A scanning transmission electron microscopy method for determination of manganese composition in welding fume as a function of primary particle size.  Journal of Aerosol Science.  42(6).  408-418.
  • Zhu M, Lafferty B, Livi KJ, Sparks DL (2011).  Cation effects on Mn2+ oxidation by nanoparticulate d-MnO2.  Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society.  242.
  • Rhim Y, Zhang D, Fairbrother DH, Wepasnick KA, Livi KJ, Bodnar RJ, Nagle DC (2010).  Changes in electrical and microstructural properties of microcrystalline cellulose as function of carbonization temperature.  Carbon.  48(4).  1012-1024.
  • Zhang S, Livi KJ, Gaillot A, Stone AT, Veblen DR (2010).  Determination of manganese valence states in (Mn3+, Mn4+) minerals by electron energy-loss spectroscopy.  American Mineralogist.  95(11-12).  1741-1746.
  • Lafferty BJ, Ginder-Vogel M, Zhu M, Livi KJ, Sparks DL (2010).  Arsenite Oxidation by a Poorly Crystalline Manganese-Oxide. 2. Results from X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and X-ray Diffraction.  Environmental Science & Technology.  44(22).  8467-8472.
  • Darnell LA, Teaford MF, Livi KJ, Weihs T (2010).  Variations in the Mechanical Properties of Alouatta palliata Molar Enamel.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology.  141(1).  7-15.
  • Livi KJ, Richman J, Geyh AS (2010).  Mn in welding fume: Characterization and exposure biomarkers.  Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta.  74(12).  A627-A627.
  • Livi KJ, Raciti D, Cao L, Rottmann P, Bowen K, Hemker K, Mueller T, Wang C (2017).  Tailoring Cu nanowires for electrochemical CO reduction.  Nature Materials.
  • Livi KJ, Trump B, Koohpayeh S, Wen J, Arpino K, Ramasse Q, Brydson R, Feygenson M, Takeda H, Takigawa M, Kimura K, Nakatsuji S, Broholm C, McQueen T (2017).  Universal static distortions in pyrochlores.  Nature Materials.
  • Livi KJ, Wu Y, Kukkadapu R, Livi K, Xu W, Li W, Sparks DL (2016).  Mechanisms of the effects of iron (II) on arsenic oxidation and sorption on manganese oxides: A Mössbauer, HRTEM, and EXAFS Study.  Cosmochemica et Geochemica Acta..
Book Chapters
  • Brydson R, Brown A, Benning LG, Livi K (2015).  Analytical Transmission Electron Microscopy.  Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy and Materials Sciences.  78.  219-269.
Conference Proceedings
  • Livi KJ, Jiang, H, Kundu S, Cheng WC (2017).  Characterization of iron contamination on equilibrium fluid catalytic cracking catalyst particles.  2017 American Chemical Society Meeting.
  • Livi KJ, Durkin, D.P, Larson, E.G, Ye, T, Trulove, P.C., Fairbrother, D.H, Haverhals, L., Shuai, D (2017).  Fabrication of Lignocellulose-Supported Pd-Based Water Purification Catalysts via Ionic Liquid Based Natural Fiber Welding.  COIL 7: International Conference on Ionic Liquids.
  • Livi KJ, Nelms M, Hodo W, Browning A, Crawford B, Rajendran AM (2017).  Shock Wave Propagation in Functionally Graded Mineralized Tissue.  20th Biennial Conference of the APS Topical Group on Shock Compression of Conde.
  • Livi KJ, Nelms M, Browning A, Hodo W, Rajendran AM (2017).  The hierarchical structure of Atractosteus Spatula (Alligator Gar Fish) boney scales.  TMS Meeting.
  • Livi KJ, Hufnagel T, Overdeep KR, Joress H, Zhou L, Dale DS, Tate MW, Philipp HT, Shanks KS, Gruner SM, Weihs T (2015).  In situ x-ray diffraction studies of combustion of Al/Zr reactive nanolaminate foils.  Fall Materials Research Society Meeting.
  • Livi KJ, Hodo W, Seiter J, Lafferty B, Chappell M, Allison P, Landin T, Bouchet-Marquis C (2015).  Experimental Characterization of Bone and Exoskeleton Fish Scale Structures.  Proceedings of the 2015 TMS Annual Meeting.
  • Livi KJ, Ramasse Q, Bouchet-Marquis C, McClellan P, Lafferty B, Seitter J, Chen L, Landin T, Landis W, Sahai N, Brydson R, Hodo W (2015).  Nanoscale Investigation of Hydroxylapatite Formation in Alligator Gar Fish Scale.  2015 Goldschmidt Conference.
  • "Effect of crystal habit, surface structure, and aggregation on goethite adsorption capacities", American Chemical Society Meeting.  Philadelphia, PA.  January 1, 2017
  • "Fabrication of Lignocellulose-Supported Pd-Based Water Purification Catalysts via Ionic Liquid Based Natural Fiber Welding", COIL 7: International Conference on Ionic Liquids.  Quebec, Canada.  January 1, 2017
  • "Geochemical processes controlling Mn(III) and vacancy concentrations in layered manganese oxides", American Chemical Society Meeting.  Philadelphia, PA.  January 1, 2016
  • "Probing the force interactions between silver nanoparticles and protein-modified surfaces using atomic force microscopy", American Chemical Society Meeting.  Philadelphia, PA.  January 1, 2016
  • "Highly dense Cu nanowires for low-overpotential CO2 reduction", American Chemical Society Meeting.  Philadelphia, PA.  January 1, 2016
  • "The hierarchical structure of Atractosteus Spatula (Alligator Gar Fish) boney scales: XRM and finite element modeling characterization of structural porosity", TMS Annual Meeting.  San Diego, CA.  January 1, 2016
  • "Modification of Membranes with Bioinspired Polydopamine and Silver Nanoparticles Formed in Situ To Mitigate Biofouling", Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization 4th Conference.  Portland, Oregon.  November 8, 2015
  • "Polysulfone Membranes Modified with Bioinspired Polydopamine and Silver Nanoparticles Formed in Situ To Mitigate Biofouling", American Chemical Society 250th National Meeting.  Boston, Massachusetts.  August 16, 2015
  • "Polysulfone Membranes Modified with Bioinspired Polydopamine and Silver Nanoparticles Formed in Situ To Mitigate Biofouling", North American Membrane Society 25th Annual Meeting.  Boston, Massachusetts.  May 30, 2015
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