Kenneth Livi

Director of the Materials Characterization and Processing Facility

Research Interests

Characterization of Inorganic and Organic Materials, Biomaterials, Earth Materials, and Surfaces of Nanomaterials through Electron Microscopy

  • Ph.D. 1995, Johns Hopkins University
  • M.S. 1983, State University of New York at Stony Brook
  • B.S. 1980, State University of New York at Stony Brook
  • 2015 - Present:  Director, Materials Characterization and Processing Center, Johns Hopkins University
  • 2009 - Present:  Director, High-Resolution Analytical Electron Microbeam (HRAEM) Facility of the Integrated Imaging Center, Johns Hopkins University
  • 2004 - 2014:  Associate Editor, European Journal of Mineralogy
  • 1984 - 2009:  Senior Staff Scientist, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University
  • 1983 - 1984:  Electron Microbeam Technician, SUNY at Stony Brook
  • 1980 - 1983:  Graduate Research Assistant, SUNY at Stony Brook
  • 1978 - 1980:  Undergraduate Research Assistant, SUNY at Stony Brook
Research Areas
  • Characterization of inorganic and organic materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Earth materials
  • Surfaces of nanomaterials through electron microscopy
  • 2012:  Visiting Professor, Taiyuan University of Technology, China
  • 2011:  Materials Poster Award, Congress on Microscopy
  • 2011:  Visiting Scientist, University of Leeds
  • 2010:  Visiting Scientist, University of Leeds
  • 2008:  Honoree of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
  • 2007:  Vising Professor, Tohoku University, Japan
Journal Articles
  • Livi, K. J., Raciti, D., Cao, L., Rottmann, P., Bowen, K., Hemker, K., Mueller, T., Wang, C. (2017).  Tailoring Cu nanowires for electrochemical CO reduction.  Nature Materials.
  • Livi, K. J., Trump, B., Koohpayeh, S., Wen, J., Arpino, K., Ramasse, Q., Brydson, R., Feygenson, M., Takeda, H., Takigawa, M., Kimura, K., Nakatsuji, S., Broholm, C., McQueen, T. (2017).  Universal static distortions in pyrochlores.  Nature Materials.
  • Durkin, D. P., Ye, T., Larson, E. G., Haverhals, L. M., Livi, K. J., De Long, H. C., Trulove, P. C., Fairbrother, D., Shuai, D. (2016).  Lignocellulose Fiber- and Welded Fiber- Supports for Palladium-Based Catalytic Hydrogenation: A Natural Fiber Welding Application for Water Treatment.  ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering.  4(10).  5511-5522.
  • Livi, K. J., Wu, Y., Kukkadapu, R., Livi, K., Xu, W., Li, W., Sparks, D. L. (2016).  Mechanisms of the effects of iron (II) on arsenic oxidation and sorption on manganese oxides: A Mössbauer, HRTEM, and EXAFS Study.  Cosmochemica et Geochemica Acta..
  • Livi, K. J., Hodo,  ., Nelms, M., Crawford, B., Rajendran, A. (2016).  Multiscale experimental characterization of the delamination resistant mechanisms found in the biomineralized exoskeleton fish scale composite.  Proceedings of the 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exhibition.
  • Wang, Q., Liao, X., Xu, W., Ren, Y., Livi, K. J., Zhu, M. (2016).  Synthesis of Birnessite in the Presence of Phosphate, Silicate, or Sulfate.  Inorganic Chemistry.  55(20).  10248-10258.
  • Dahle, J. T., Livi, K. J., Arai, Y. (2015).  Effects of pH and phosphate on CeO2 nanoparticle dissolution.  Chemosphere.  119.  1365-1371.
  • Raciti, D., Livi, K. J., Wang, C. (2015).  Highly Dense Cu Nanowires for Low-Overpotential CO2 Reduction.  Nano Letters.  15(10).  6829-6835.
  • Wadhawan, A. R., Livi, K. J., Stone, A. T., Bouwer, E. J. (2015).  Influence of Oxygenation on Chromium Redox Reactions with Manganese Sulfide (MnS(s)).  Environmental Science & Technology.  49(6).  3523-3531.
  • Tang, L., Livi, K. J., Chen, K. L. (2015).  Polysulfone Membranes Modified with Bioinspired Polydopamine and Silver Nanoparticles Formed in Situ To Mitigate Biofouling.  Environmental Science & Technology Letters.  2(3).  59-65.
  • Xie, K. Y., Livi, K. J., McCauley, J. W., Hemker, K. J. (2015).  Precipitation of AlN in a commercial hot-pressed boron carbide.  Scripta Materialia.  101.  95-98.
  • Overdeep, K. R., Livi, K. J., Allen, D. J., Glumac, N. G., Weihs, T. (2015).  Using magnesium to maximize heat generated by reactive Al/Zr nanolaminates.  Combustion and Flame.  162(7).  2855-2864.
  • Phelan, W. A., Trump, B. A., Wallace, D. C., Arpino, K. E., Neilson, J. R., Livi, K. J., Seabourne, C. R., Scott, A. J., Payzant, A. E., Huq, A., McQueen, T. M. (2014).  Influence of average and local crystal structures on superconductivity in the Bi-O-S system.  Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society.  247.
  • Trump, B. A., Livi, K. J., McQueen, T. M. (2014).  The new misfit compound (BiSe)(1.15)(TiSe2)(2) and the role of dimensionality in the Cu-x(BiSe)(1+delta)(TiSe2)(n) series.  Journal of Solid State Chemistry.  209.  6-12.
  • Livi, K. J., Schaffer, B., Azzolini, D., Seabourne, C. R., Hardcastle, T. P., Scott, A. J., Hazen, R. M., Erlebacher, J., Brydson, R., Sverjensky, D. A. (2013).  Atomic-Scale Surface Roughness of Rutile and Implications for Organic Molecule Adsorption.  Langmuir.  29(23).  6876-6883.
  • Hardcastle, T. P., Seabourne, C. R., Brydson, R. M., Livi, K. J., Scott, A. J. (2013).  Energy of Step Defects on the TiO2 Rutile (110) Surface: An ab initio DFT Methodology.  Journal of Physical Chemistry C.  117(45).  23766-23780.
  • Snyder, J., Livi, K. J., Erlebacher, J. (2013).  Oxygen Reduction Reaction Performance of MTBD beti -Encapsulated Nanoporous NiPt Alloy Nanoparticles.  Advanced Functional Materials.  23(44).  5494-5501.
  • Fisher, K., Barron, S. C., Bonds, M. A., Knepper, R., Livi, K. J., Campbell, G. H., Browning, N. D., Weihs, T. (2013).  Phase transformations, heat evolution, and atomic diffusion during slow heating of Al-rich Al/Zr multilayered foils.  Journal of Applied Physics.  114(24).
  • Horwell, C. J., Baxter, P. J., Hillman, S. E., Calkins, J. A., Damby, D. E., Delmelle, P., Donaldson, K., Dunster, C., Fubini, B., Kelly, F. J., Le Blond, J. S., Livi, K. J., Murphy, F., Nattrass, C., Sweeney, S., Tetley, T. D., Thordarson, T., Tomatis, M. (2013).  Physicochemical and toxicological profiling of ash from the 2010 and 2011 eruptions of Eyjafjallajokull and Grimsvotn volcanoes, Iceland using a rapid respiratory hazard assessment protocol.  Environmental Research.  127.  63-73.
  • VandeVoort, A. R., Livi, K. J., Arai, Y. (2013).  Reaction conditions control soil colloid facilitated phosphorus release in agricultural Ultisols.  Geoderma.  206.  101-111.
  • Barron, S. C., Kelly, S. T., Kirchhoff, J., Knepper, R., Fisher, K., Livi, K. J., Dufresne, E. M., Fezzaa, K., Barbee, T. W., Hufnagel, T., Weihs, T. (2013).  Self-propagating reactions in Al/Zr multilayers: Anomalous dependence of reaction velocity on bilayer thickness.  Journal of Applied Physics.  114(22).
  • Phelan, W. A., Wallace, D. C., Arpino, K. E., Neilson, J. R., Livi, K. J., Seabourne, C. R., Scott, A. J., McQueen, T. M. (2013).  Stacking Variants and Superconductivity in the Bi-O-S System.  Journal of the American Chemical Society.  135(14).  5372-5374.
  • Mlack, J. T., Rahman, A., Johns, G. L., Livi, K. J., Markovic, N. (2013).  Substrate-independent catalyst-free synthesis of high-purity Bi2Se3 nanostructures.  Applied Physics Letters.  102(19).
  • Livi, K. J., Abad, I. (2013).  The role of transmission electron microscopy in the study of micas and related minerals in selected metamorphic environments.  Minerals at the Nanoscale.  14.  217-259.
  • Arai, Y., Livi, K. J. (2013).  Underassessed phosphorus fixation mechanisms in soil sand fraction.  Geoderma.  192.  422-429.
  • Hardcastle, T. P., Brydson, R. M., Livi, K. J., Seabourne, C. R., Scott, A. J. (2012).  Ab-initio modelling, polarity and energetics of clean rutile surfaces in vacuum and comparison with water environment.  Electron Microscopy and Analysis Group Conference 2011 (Emag 2011).  371.
  • Landrot, G., Ginder-Vogel, M., Livi, K. J., Fitts, J. P., Sparks, D. L. (2012).  Chromium(III) Oxidation by Three Poorly Crystalline Manganese(IV) Oxides. 2. Solid Phase Analyses.  Environmental Science & Technology.  46(21).  11601-11609.
  • Landrot, G., Ginder-Vogel, M., Livi, K. J., Fitts, J. P., Sparks, D. L. (2012).  Chromium(III) Oxidation by Three Poorly-Crystalline Manganese(IV) Oxides. 1. Chromium(III)-Oxidizing Capacity.  Environmental Science & Technology.  46(21).  11594-11600.
  • Livi, K. J., Lafferty, B., Zhu, M., Zhang, S., Gaillot, A., Sparks, D. L. (2012).  Electron Energy-Loss Safe-Dose Limits for Manganese Valence Measurements in Environmentally Relevant Manganese Oxides.  Environmental Science & Technology.  46(2).  970-976.
  • Li, W., Livi, K. J., Xu, W., Siebecker, M. G., Wang, Y., Phillips, B. L., Sparks, D. L. (2012).  Formation of Crystalline Zn-Al Layered Double Hydroxide Precipitates on gamma-Alumina: The Role of Mineral Dissolution.  Environmental Science & Technology.  46(21).  11670-11677.
  • Joress, H., Barron, S. C., Livi, K. J., Aronhime, N., Weihs, T. (2012).  Self-sustaining oxidation initiated by rapid formation reactions in multilayer foils.  Applied Physics Letters.  101(11).
  • Zhu, M., Farrow, C. L., Post, J. E., Livi, K. J., Billinge, S. J., Ginder-Vogel, M., Sparks, D. L. (2012).  Structural study of biotic and abiotic poorly-crystalline manganese oxides using atomic pair distribution function analysis.  Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta.  81.  39-55.
  • Snyder, J., McCue, I., Livi, K., Erlebacher, J. (2012).  Structure/Processing/Properties Relationships in Nanoporous Nanoparticles As Applied to Catalysis of the Cathodic Oxygen Reduction Reaction.  Journal of the American Chemical Society.  134(20).  8633-8645.
  • Richman, J. D., Livi, K. J., Geyh, A. S. (2011).  A scanning transmission electron microscopy method for determination of manganese composition in welding fume as a function of primary particle size.  Journal of Aerosol Science.  42(6).  408-418.
  • Zhu, M., Lafferty, B., Livi, K. J., Sparks, D. L. (2011).  Cation effects on Mn2+ oxidation by nanoparticulate d-MnO2.  Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society.  242.
  • Lafferty, B. J., Ginder-Vogel, M., Zhu, M., Livi, K. J., Sparks, D. L. (2010).  Arsenite Oxidation by a Poorly Crystalline Manganese-Oxide. 2. Results from X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and X-ray Diffraction.  Environmental Science & Technology.  44(22).  8467-8472.
  • Rhim, Y., Zhang, D., Fairbrother, D. H., Wepasnick, K. A., Livi, K. J., Bodnar, R. J., Nagle, D. C. (2010).  Changes in electrical and microstructural properties of microcrystalline cellulose as function of carbonization temperature.  Carbon.  48(4).  1012-1024.
  • Zhang, S., Livi, K. J., Gaillot, A., Stone, A. T., Veblen, D. R. (2010).  Determination of manganese valence states in (Mn3+, Mn4+) minerals by electron energy-loss spectroscopy.  American Mineralogist.  95(11-12).  1741-1746.
  • Livi, K. J., Richman, J., Geyh, A. S. (2010).  Mn in welding fume: Characterization and exposure biomarkers.  Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta.  74(12).  A627-A627.
  • Darnell, L. A., Teaford, M. F., Livi, K. J., Weihs, T. (2010).  Variations in the Mechanical Properties of Alouatta palliata Molar Enamel.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology.  141(1).  7-15.
Book Chapters
  • Brydson, R., Brown, A., Benning, L. G., Livi, K. (2015).  Analytical Transmission Electron Microscopy.  Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy and Materials Sciences.  78.  219-269.
Other Publications
  • Phelan, W. A., Trump, B. A., Wallace, D. C., Arpino, K. E., Neilson, J. R., Livi, K. J., Seabourne, C. R., Scott, A. J., Payzant, A. E., Hug, A., McQueen, T. M. (2015).  Influence of average and local crystal structures on superconductivity in the Bi-OS system.  Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society.  247.
Conference Proceedings
  • Hodo, W., Livi, K. J., Seiter, J., Lafferty, B., Chappell, M., Allison, P., Landin, T., Bouchet-Marquis, C. (2015).  Experimental Characterization of Bone and Exoskeleton Fish Scale Structures.  Proceedings of the 2015 TMS Annual Meeting.
  • Hufnagel, T., Overdeep, K. R., Joress, H., Zhou, L., Livi, K. J., Dale, D. S., Tate, M. W., Philipp, H. T., Shanks, K. S., Gruner, S. M., Weihs, T. (2015).  In situ x-ray diffraction studies of combustion of Al/Zr reactive nanolaminate foils.  Fall Materials Research Society Meeting.
  • Livi, K. J., Ramasse, Q., Bouchet-Marquis, C., McClellan, P., Lafferty, B., Seitter, J., Chen, L., Landin, T., Landis, W., Sahai, N., Brydson, R., Hodo, W. (2015).  Nanoscale Investigation of Hydroxylapatite Formation in Alligator Gar Fish Scale.  2015 Goldschmidt Conference.
  • "Effect of crystal habit, surface structure, and aggregation on goethite adsorption capacities", American Chemical Society Meeting.  Philadelphia, PA.  2017
  • "Fabrication of Lignocellulose-Supported Pd-Based Water Purification Catalysts via Ionic Liquid Based Natural Fiber Welding", COIL 7: International Conference on Ionic Liquids.  Quebec, Canada.  2017
  • "Geochemical processes controlling Mn(III) and vacancy concentrations in layered manganese oxides", American Chemical Society Meeting.  Philadelphia, PA.  2016
  • "Highly dense Cu nanowires for low-overpotential CO2 reduction", American Chemical Society Meeting.  Philadelphia, PA.  2016
  • "Probing the force interactions between silver nanoparticles and protein-modified surfaces using atomic force microscopy", American Chemical Society Meeting.  Philadelphia, PA.  2016
  • "The hierarchical structure of Atractosteus Spatula (Alligator Gar Fish) boney scales: XRM and finite element modeling characterization of structural porosity", TMS Annual Meeting.  San Diego, CA.  2016
  • "Modification of Membranes with Bioinspired Polydopamine and Silver Nanoparticles Formed in Situ To Mitigate Biofouling", Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization 4th Conference.  Portland, Oregon.  November 8, 2015
  • "Polysulfone Membranes Modified with Bioinspired Polydopamine and Silver Nanoparticles Formed in Situ To Mitigate Biofouling", American Chemical Society 250th National Meeting.  Boston, Massachusetts.  August 16, 2015
  • "Polysulfone Membranes Modified with Bioinspired Polydopamine and Silver Nanoparticles Formed in Situ To Mitigate Biofouling", North American Membrane Society 25th Annual Meeting.  Boston, Massachusetts.  May 30, 2015
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