Book Publication

J. U. Kang ed. Fiber Optic Sensing and Imaging. New York, NY: Springer 2013.41XXj6yOpsL._BO2,204,203,200_PIsitb-sticker-arrow-click,TopRight,35,-76_AA300_SH20_OU01_

Journal Publications


1. Guo S, Sarfaraz NR, Gensheimer WG, Krieger A, Kang JU(2020). Demonstration of optical coherence tomography guided big bubble technique for deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). Sensors (Switzerland). 20.2 (2020): 428.

2. Lee S., Wei S., Guo S., Kim J., Kim B., Kim G., Kang JU(2020). Selective retina therapy monitoring by speckle variance optical coherence tomography for dosimetry control. Journal of Biomedical Optics, 25(2), 026001.


1. Wei S, Guo S, Kang JU (2019).  Analysis and evaluation of BC-mode OCT image visualization for microsurgery guidance.  Biomedical Optics Express.  10(10).  5268-5290.

2. Kang J, Zhang HK, Kadam SD, Fedorko J, Valentine H, Malla AP, Yan P, Harraz MM, Kang JU, Rahmim A, Gjedde A, Loew LM, Wong DF, Boctor EM (2019).  Transcranial Recording of Electrophysiological Neural Activity in the Rodent Brain in vivo Using Functional Photoacoustic Imaging of Near-Infrared Voltage-Sensitive Dye.  Frontiers in neuroscience 13 (2019): 579.

3. Lee S, Lee C, Verkade R, Cheon GW, Kang JU (2019).  Common-path all-fiber optical coherence tomography probe based on high-index elliptical epoxy-lensed fiber.  Optical Engineering.  58.2 (2019): 026116.

4. Guo S, Wei S, Lee S, Sheu M, Kang S, Kang JU (2019).  Intraoperative Speckle Variance Optical Coherence Tomography for Tissue Temperature Monitoring during Cutaneous Laser Therapy.  IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine. 7 (2019): 1-8.


1. Kang JU, Cheon GW (2018).  Demonstration of subretinal injection using common-path swept source OCT guided microinjector.  Applied Sciences (Switzerland).  8(8).

2. Pak RW, Kang J, Valentine H, Loew LM, Thorek DLJ, Boctor EM, Wong DF, Kang JU (2018).  Voltage-sensitive dye delivery through the blood brain barrier using adenosine receptor agonist regadenoson.  Biomedical Optics Express.  9(8).  3915-3922.

3. Anas EMA, Zhang HK, Kang J, Boctor E (2018).  Enabling fast and high quality LED photoacoustic imaging: A recurrent neural networks based approach.  Biomedical Optics Express.  9(8).  3852-3866.

4. Le HND, Nguyen H, Wang Z, Opfermann J, Leonard S, Krieger A, Kang JU (2018).  Demonstration of a laparoscopic structuredillumination three-dimensional imaging system for guiding reconstructive bowel anastomosis.  Journal of Biomedical Optics.  23(5).


1. Cheon GW, Gonenc B, Taylor RH, Gehlbach PL, Kang JU (2017).  Motorized microforceps with active motion guidance based on common-path SSOCT for epiretinal membranectomy.  IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics.  22(6).  2440-2448.

2. Wang Y, Gau YA, Le HND, Bergles DE, Kang JU (2017).  Image analysis of dynamic brain activity based on gray distance compensation.  Applied Sciences (Switzerland).  7(8).

3. Le HND, Decker R, Krieger A, Kang JU (2017).  Experimental assessment of a 3-D plenoptic endoscopic imaging system.  Chinese Optics Letters.  15(5).

4. Zhang HK, Yan P, Kang J, Abou DS, Le HND, Jha AK, Thorek DLJ, Kang JU, Rahmim A, Wong DF, Boctor EM, Loew LM (2017).  Listening to membrane potential: Photoacoustic voltage-sensitive dye recording.  Journal of Biomedical Optics.  22(4).


1. Lee C, Cheon G, Kim DH, Kang JU (2016).  Feasibility study: Protein denaturation and coagulation monitoring with speckle variance optical coherence tomography.  Journal of Biomedical Optics.  21(12).

2. Cheon GW, Gehlbach PL, Kang JU (2016).  Ghost reduction in CP-SSOCT having multiple references using Fourier-domain shift and sum.  IEEE Photonics Technology Letters.  28(18).  1972-1975.


1. Cha J, Shademan A, Le HND, Decker R, Kim PCW, Kang JU, Krieger A (2015).  Multispectral tissue characterization for intestinal anastomosis optimization.  Journal of Biomedical Optics.  20(10).

2. Wang X, Huang Y, Jastaneiah S, Majumdar S, Kang JU, Yiu SC, Stark W, Elisseeff JH (2015).  Protective effects of soluble collagen during ultraviolet-a crosslinking on enzyme-mediated corneal ectatic models.  PLoS ONE.  10(9).

3. Huang Y, Tong D, Zhu S, Wu L, Mao Q, Ibrahim Z, Lee WPA, Brandacher G, Kang JU (2015).  Evaluation of microvascular anastomosis using real-time, ultra-high-resolution, fourier domain doppler optical coherence tomography.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  135(4).  711e-720e.

4. Cheon GW, Huang Y, Cha J, Gehlbach PL, Kang JU (2015).  Accurate real-time depth control for CP-SSOCT distal sensor based handheld microsurgery tools.  Biomedical Optics Express.  6(5).  1942-1953.


1. Gyeong Woo Cheon, Jaepyeong Cha, and Jin U. Kang, “Random transverse motion-induced spatial compounding for fiber bundle imaging,” Optics Letters 39(15), 4368-4371.

2. Martin Paukert, Amit Agarwal, Jaepyeong Cha, Van A. Doze, Jin U. Kang and Dwight E. Bergles, “Norepinephrine controls astroglial responsiveness to local circuit activity,” Neuron 82(6), 1263-1270 (2014).

3. Daguang Xu, Yong Huang, and Jin U. Kang, “GPU-accelerated non-uniform fast Fourier transform-based compressive sensing spectral domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 22, 14871-14884 (2014).

4. Xuan Liu and Jin U. Kang, “Iterative sparse reconstruction of spectral domain OCT signal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12, 051701- (2014).

5. Robert T Wicks,* Yong Huang,* Kang Zhang, Mingtao Zhao, Betty M Tyler, Ian Suk, Lee Hwang, Jacob Ruzevick, George Jallo, Henry Brem, Gustavo Pradilla, Jin U Kang, “Extravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Evaluation of Carotid Atherosclerosis and Pravastatin Therapy,” Stroke.2014; 45: 1123-1130. (* denotes equal contribution.)


6. Daguang Xu, Yong Huang, and Jin U. Kang, “Real-time compressive sensing spectral domain optical coherence tomography”, Optics Letters Vol. 39, Iss. 1, pp. 76–79 (2014).


1. Daguang Xu, Yong Huang, and Jin U. Kang, “Compressive sensing with dispersion compensation on non-linear wavenumber sampled spectral domain optical coherence tomography,”Biomed. Opt. Express 4(9), 1519–1532 (2013).

2. Cheol Song, Dong Yong Park, Peter L. Gehlbach, Seong Jin Park, and Jin U. Kang, “Fiber-optic OCT sensor guided “SMART” micro-forceps for microsurgery,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4, 1045-1050 (2013).

3. Yong Huang, Zuhaib Ibrahim, Dedi Tong, Shan Zhu, Qi Mao, John Pang, Wei Ping Andrew Lee, Gerald Brandacher and Jin U Kang, ” Microvascular anastomosis guidance and evaluation using real-time three-dimensional Fourier-domain Doppler optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. (accepted)

4.  Alexis Cheng ; Jin U. Kang ; Russell H. Taylor and Emad M. Boctor, “Direct three-dimensional ultrasound-to-video registration using photoacoustic markers”, J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 066013 (Jun 17, 2013).

5. Yong Huang and Jin U. Kang, “Quantum cascade laser thermal therapy guided by FDOCT”, Chinese. Opt. Lett. 11(1), 011701(2013).

6. Xuan Liu, Yong Huang, Jessica C. Ramella-Roman, Scott A. Mathews, and Jin U. Kang, “Quantitative transverse flow measurement using optical coherence tomography speckle decorrelation analysis,” Opt. Lett. 38, 805-807 (2013).

7. Xuan Liu, Jessica C. Ramella-Roman, Yong Huang, Yuan Guo, and Jin U. Kang, “Robust spectral-domain optical coherence tomography speckle model and its cross-correlation coefficient analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 51-59 (2013).

8. Sunshine, S., Balicki, M., He, X., Olds, K., Kang, J.U., Gehlbach, P., Taylor, R., Iordachita, I., Handa, J.T. (2013). A FORCE-SENSING MICROSURGICAL INSTRUMENT THAT DETECTS FORCES BELOW HUMAN TACTILE SENSATION. Retina-the Journal of Retinal and Vitreous Diseases. 33(1). 200-206.

9. Jaepyeong Cha, Jing Zhang, Saumya Gurbani, Gyeong Woo Cheon, Min Li, and Jin U. Kang, “Gene transfection efficacy assessment of human cervical cancer cells using dual-mode fluorescence microendoscopy,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(1), 151-159 (2013).


1. Mingtao Zhao, Yong Huang, and Jin U. Kang, “Sapphire ball lens-based fiber probe for common-path optical coherence tomography and its applications in corneal and retinal imaging,” Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 23, pp. 4835-4837 (2012).

2. Daguang Xu, Namrata Vaswani, Yong Huang, and Jin U. Kang, “Modified compressive sensing optical coherence tomography with noise reduction,” Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 20, pp. 4209-4211 (2012).

3. Cheol Song, Peter L. Gehlbach, and Jin U. Kang, “Active tremor cancellation by a “Smart” handheld vitreoretinal microsurgical tool using swept source optical coherence tomography,” Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 21, pp. 23414-23421 (2012).

4. Yong Huang, Xuan Liu, Cheol Song, and Jin U. Kang, “Motion-compensated hand-held common-path Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography probe for image-guided intervention,”Biomedical Optics Express, Vol. 3, Issue 12, pp. 3105-3118 (2012).

5. Zhang, K., Kang, J.U. Graphics Processing Unit-Based Ultrahigh Speed Real-Time Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography. Ieee Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. 18(4). 1270-1279 (2012).

6. Huang, Y., Kang, J.U. Real-time reference A-line subtraction and saturation artifact removal using graphics processing unit for high-frame-rate Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography video imaging. Optical Engineering. 51(7) (2012).

7. Huang, Y., Liu, X., Kang, J.U. Real-time 3D and 4D Fourier domain Doppler optical coherence tomography based on dual graphics processing units. Biomedical Optics Express. 3(9). 2162-2174 (2012).

8. Kuo, N., Kang, H.J., Song, D.Y., Kang, J.U., Boctor, E.M. Real-time photoacoustic imaging of prostate brachytherapy seeds using a clinical ultrasound system. Journal of Biomedical Optics. 17(6) (2012).

9. Liu, X., Iordachita, I.I., He, X., Taylor, R.H., Kang, J.U. Miniature fiber-optic force sensor based on low-coherence Fabry-Perot interferometry for vitreoretinal microsurgery. Biomedical Optics Express. 3(5). 1062-1076 (2012).

10. Jin U. Kang, Yong Huang, Kang Zhang, Zuhaib Ibrahim, Jaepyeong Cha, W. P. Andrew Lee, Gerald Brandacher, and Peter L. Gehlbach, “Real-time three-dimensional Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography video image guided microsurgeries,” Journal of Biomedical Optics 17(8), 081403 (2012)

11. Liu, X., Huang, Y., Kang, J.U. Distortion-free freehand-scanning OCT implemented with real-time scanning speed variance correction. Optics Express. 20(15). 16567-16583 (2012).

12. Jae-Ho Han and Jin U. Kang, “Neuromorphic Biophotonic Sensor Based on Near Infrared Optical Reflectometry,” IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 12, NO. 3, MARCH 2012

13. J.-H. Han and J.U. Kang, “Effect of multimodal coupling in imaging micro-endoscopic fiber bundle on optical coherence tomography,” Appl. Phys. B, 2012


1. Yong Huang, Kang Zhang, Jin U. Kang, Don Calogero, Robert H. James, and Ilko K. Ilev, “Noncontact common-path Fourier domain optical coherence tomography method for in vitro intraocular lens power measurement,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(12), 2011

2. Kang Zhang, and Jin U. Kang, “Graphics Processing Unit based Ultrahigh Speed Real-Time Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, in Press (Invited Paper)

3. Kang Zhang, Yong Huang and Jin U. Kang, “Full-range Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography imaging probe with a magnetic-driven resonant fiber cantilever,” Optical Engineering, in Press

4. Xuan Liu, Kang Zhang, Yong Huang, and Jin U. Kang, “Spectroscopic-speckle variance OCT for microvasculature detection and analysis,” Biomedical Optics Express, Vol. 2, 2995-3009, 2011

5. J. Han, J. Kang, “Correlated Photon-Pair Source for Secured -Band Quantum Communications,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Volume: 23, Issue: 16, 2011

6. J.-H. Han, J. U. Kang, C.G. Song, “Polarization sensitive subcutaneous and muscle imaging based on common path optical coherence tomography using near infrared source,” J. Med Syst. Volume 35, Number 4, 521-526, 2011

7. Yong Huang, Kang Zhang, Ching Lin, and Jin U. Kang, “Motion compensated fiber-optic confocal microscope based on a common-path optical coherence tomography distance sensor,” Optical Eng. Vol. 50(8), Aug. 2011

8. Kang Zhang and Jin U. Kang, “Common-path low-coherence interferometry fiber-optic sensor guided micro-incision,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 095003, Sep 01, 2011

9. Seung Nam Son, Jae-jin Song, Jin U. Kang, Chang-Seok Kim, “Simultaneous second harmonic generations of multiple wavelength laser outputs for blood hemoglobin sensing source,” Sensors, vol. 11, Issue 6, 6125-6130, May 2011

10. Xuan Liu, Yong Huang, and Jin U. Kang, “Dark-field illuminated reflectance fiber bundle endoscopic microscope,” Journal of Biomedical Optics, vol. 16, Issue 4, 046003, April 2011

11. Kang Zhang and Jin U. Kang, ‘Real-time numerical dispersion compensation using graphics processing unit for Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography,’ IEE Electron. Lett. Volume 47, Issue 5, p.309–310, March 2011

12. Kang Zhang and Jin U. Kang, “Real-time intraoperative 4D full-range FD-OCT based on the dual graphics processing units architecture for microsurgery guidance,” Biomedical Optics Express, Vol. 2, Issue 4, pp. 764-770 (2011)

13. Do-Hyun Kim, Chul-Gyu Song, Ilko K Ilev, and Jin U. Kang, “Axial-scanning low-coherence interferometer for non-contact thickness measurement of biological samples,” Applied Optics, 50(6), 970-974 2011

14. Song Chul-Gyu, Kang Jin U., Design of the Computerized 3D Endoscopic Imaging System for Delicate Endoscopic Surgery, JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SYSTEMS Volume: 35 Issue: 1 Pages: 135-141 FEB 2011


1. Xuan Liu, Marcin Balicki, Russell H. Taylor and Jin U. Kang, “Towards Automatic Online Calibration of Fourier-Domain OCT for Robot Assisted VitreoRetinal Surgery,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, No. 23, 24331-24343, Oct., 2010 

2. J. Han, J. Lee, T. Lee and J. U. Kang, “Near infrared imaging of micro-structured polymer-metal surface pattern,” Opto-Electronics Review, Volume 18, Number 2, Pages 163-167, 2010  

3. Kang Zhang and Jin U. Kang, “Graphics Processing Unit Accelerated Non-uniform fast Fourier transform for ultrahigh-speed, real-time Fourier-domain OCT,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, Iss. 22, pp. 23472-23487, Oct., 2010 

4. Xuan Liu and Jin U. Kang, “Compressive OCT: The Application of Compressed Sensing in Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography,” Opt. Exp., Vol. 18, Iss. 21, pp. 22010-22019, 2010  

5. Xuan Liu and Jin U. Kang, “Depth resolved Blood Oxygen Saturation Assessment Using Spectroscopic Common-Path Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 2572-2575, Oct 2010  

6. Kang Zhang and Jin U. Kang, “Real-time 4D signal processing and visualization using graphics processing unit on a regular nonlinear-k Fourier-domain OCT system,” Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 11, pp. 11772-11784, 2010  

7. Jin U. Kang, Jae-Ho Han, Xuan Liu, Kang Zhang, Chul Gyu Song, and Peter Gehlbach, “Endoscopic Functional Fourier Domain Common Path Optical Coherence Tomography for Microsurgery,” IEEE J. of Select. Topic in Quantum. Electron., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 781-792, 2010  

8. Jae-Ho Han, Junghoon Lee, and Jin U. Kang, “Pixelation effect removal from fiber bundle probe based optical coherence tomography imaging,” Optics Express Vol. 18, Iss. 7, pp. 7427-7439, 2010  

9. J.-H. Han, I. K. Ilev, D.-H. Kim, C. G. Song, J. U. Kang, “Investigation of gold-coated bare fiber probe for in situ intra-vitreous coherence domain optical imaging and sensing,” App. Phys. B, vol. 99, 741-746, 2010. 

10. Jin U. Kang, “Virtual Biopsy,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Invited Paper, Vol. 98, No. 4, April 2010  

11. Jin U. Kang, Jae-Ho Han, Xuan Liu and Kang Zhang, “Common-Path Optical Coherence Tomography for Biomedical Imaging and Sensing,” J. of Opt. So. K, invited paper, vol. 14, no.1, pp. 1-13, 2010  

12. Jae-Ho Han, Xuan Liu, Jin U. Kang, and Chul Gyu Song, “High-resolution subsurface articular cartilage imaging based on Fourier domain common path optical coherence tomography,” Chinese Optics Letters, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 167-169, Feb. 2010.  

13. Kang Zhang, Elizabeth Katz, Do-Hyun Kim, Jin U. Kang and Ilko K. Ilev, “A common-path optical coherence tomography guided fiber probe for spatially precise optical nerve stimulation,” Electron. Letts., v. 46, no. 2, pp. 118-120, 2010  


1. J.-H. Han, J. U. Kang, C.G. Song, “Polarization sensitive subcutaneous and muscle imaging based on common path optical coherence tomography,” J. Med Syst. DOI 10.1007/s10916-009-9388-0, Published Online, Nov. 2009  

2. Weichao Wang, Kang Zhang, Qiushi Ren, Jin U. Kang, “Comparison of Different Focusing Systems for Common-Path OCT with Fiber Optic Bundle as Endoscopic Probe,” Opt. Eng., vol. 48, no. 10, pg 103001, 2009  

3. J.-H. Han, X. Liu, C.G. Song and J. U. Kang, “Common path optical coherence tomography with a fibre bundle probe,” Electron. Letts., vol. 45, Iss. 22, pg. 1110; 2009  

4. Kang Zhang, Weichao Wang, Jaeho Han and Jin U. Kang, “Surface Topology and Motion Compensation System for Microsurgery Guidance and Intervention based on Common-Path Optical Coherence Tomography,” IEEE Trans. Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 56, No. 9,2318-2321, 2009  

5. Chul-Gyu Song and Jin U. Kang, “Design of the Computerized 3D Endoscopic Imaging system for Delicate Endoscopic Surgery,” J. Med Syst. DOI 10.1007/s10916-009-9350-1, Published Online Aug. 2009  

6. Keo Sik Kim, Jeong Hwan Seo, Jin U. Kang and Chul Gyu Song, “Implementation of a Multi-functional Ambulatory Urodynamics Monitoring System Based on Newly Devised Abdominal Pressure Measurement,” J. Med. Syst., vol. 33, DOI 10.1007/s10916-009-9318-1, Published Online May 2009  

7. Iulian Iordachita, Zhenglong Sun, Marcin Balicki, Jin U. Kang, Soo jay Phee, James Handa, Peter Gehlbach and Russell H. Taylor, “A Sub-Millemetric, 0.25 mN Resolution Fully Integrated Fiber-Optic Force Sensing Tool for Retinal Microsurgery International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery,” Int. J. CARS, vol. 4:383-390, 2009  

8. Keo Sik Kim, Jeong Hwan Seo, Jin U. Kang, and Chul Gyu Song, “An enhanced algorithm for knee joint sound classification using feature extraction based on time-frequency analysis,” Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine,” vol. 94, 198-2006, 2009  


1. Xuan Liu, Xiaolu Li, Do-Hyun Kim, Ilko Ilev and Jin U. Kang, “Fiber Optic Fourier-domain Common-path OCT,” C. Optics Letters , Vol.06 , Issue 12 , pp.899-903, 2008  

2. Ukharsh Sharma, Jin U. Kang, “Simultaneous Imaging and Measurement of Applied Force on Cornea by Using a Common-Path Optical Coherence Tomography System with an External Contact Reference,” C. Optics Letters , Vol.06 , Issue 12 , pp.910-913, 2008  

3. K.S. Kim, J. H. Seo, Jin U. Kang, and C.G. Song, “Enhanced time-frequency analysis of VAG signals by segmentation and denoising algorithm,” IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 44, No. 20, Sept. 2008  

4. C.G. Song, K. S. Kim, J. H. Seo, and Jin U. Kang, “Improved algorithm of continuous abdominal pressure using surface EMG,” IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 44, No.14, 2008  

5. Xiaolu Li, Jae-Ho Han, Xuan Liu and Jin U. Kang, “SNR Analysis of all-fiber common-path optical coherence tomography,” Appl. Opt., vol. 47, pp. 4833-4840, 2008  

6. Kang Zhang and Jin U. Kang, “C-Band Wavelength-Swept Single-Longitudinal-Mode Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser, Optics Express, vol. 16, pp.14173-14179 (2008)  

7. Do-Hyun Kim, Jin U. Kang, and Ilko K. Ilev, “Upconversion Fiber-Optic Confocal Microscopy Under Near-Infrared Pumping,” Optics Letters, Vol. 33 Issue 5, pp.425-427 (2008)  

8. Do-Hyun Kim, Ilko K. Ilev, and Jin U. Kang, “Fiber-Optic Confocal Microscopy Using a 1.55 mm Fiber Laser for Multimodal Biophotonics Applications,” Journal of Special Topics in Quantum Electronics, vol. 14(1), pg 82-87, 2008


1. U. Sharma and Jin U. Kang, “Common-path OCT with side-viewing bare fiber probe for endoscopic OCT,” Rev. Sci. Instrum, vol. 78, 113102, 2007  

2. Jae-Ho Han, Jin U. Kang, “Dual Wavelength-Swept Fiber Ring Laser for wavelength-dependent pump-probe measurements,” IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 43(23), 2007  

3. Do-Hyun Kim, Ilko Ilev, Jin U. Kang, “Advanced Confocal Microscope Using Single Hollow-Core Photonic Bandgap Fibre Design,” IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 43(11) 608-609, 2007  

4. A. B. Cooper, Jacob B. Khurgin, S. Xu, Jin U. Kang, “Phase and polarization diversity for minimum MAI OCDMA networks,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics., vol. 13, No. 5, 2007  

5. Do-Hyun Kim and Jin U. Kang, “Analysis of temperature dependent birefringence of polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber,” Optics Engineering, 46, 075003, 2007


1. Jin U. Kang, “Observation of Random Lasing in Gold Nanoshell/Water Solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 89,1, 2006


1. U. Sharma, G. Chen, and Jin U. Kang, “Fiber optic confocal laser Doppler velocimeter using an all-fiber laser source for high resolution measurements,” Opt. Exp., vol. 13, pp. 6250-6258, 2005

2. Gang Chen and Jin U. Kang, “Waveguide mode converter based on 2-D Photonic Crystals,” Opt. Lett., vol. 30, pp. 1656-1658, 2005

3. U. Sharma, N. M. Fried and Jin U. Kang, “All-fiber Fizeau optical coherence tomography: sensitivity optimization and system analysis,” IEEE Select. J. of Quant. Electron, vol. 11, 4, pp.799-805 2005

4. Gang Chen, Jin U. Kang and Jacob B. Khurgin, “Frequency discriminator based on ring-assisted fiber Sagnac filter,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 109-111, 2005


1. C.-S. Kim, Y.-G. Han, Jin U. Kang, B. Choi and J. S. Nelson, “Polarization-insensitive multi-wavelength switching based on polarization-selective long period fiber gratings,” Opt. Exp., vol. 12, pp. 1082-1087, 2004

2. Do-Hyun Kim and Jin U. Kang, “Temperature-insensitive Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber,”Opt. Exp., vol.12, pp. 4490-4495, 2004

3. U. Sharma, C.S. Kim and Jin U. Kang, “Highly stable tunable dual-wavelength Q-switched fiber laser for DIAL applications,”IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 1277-1279, 2004

4. C. S. Kim and Jin U. Kang, “Electro-optic wavelength-tunable fiber ring laser based on cascaded composite Sagnac loop filters,” Opt. Lett, vol. 29, 1677-1679, 2004

5. C. S. Kim and Jin U. Kang, “Multi-wavelength switching of Raman fiber ring laser incorporating composite PMF Lyot-Sagnac filter,” App. Optics, vol. 43, pp. 1-7, 2004

6. Gang Chen and Jin U. Kang, “Nonlinear switching and optical limiting in double-loop fiber Sagnac filter,” J. of Optics A, vol. 6, pp. 361-371, 2004


1. S. Y. Kim and Jin U. Kang, “Polarization independent, figure-eight birefringent Sagnac variable comb-filter/attenuator,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., vol., 16, pp.294-296, 2003

2. Young-Geun Han, Sang Hyuck Kim, Sang Bae Lee, Chang-Seok Kim, Jin U. Kang, U.C. Baek and Y. Chung, “Novel Raman fiber laser and fiber-optic sensors using multi-channel fiber gratings,” Journal. Opt. Soc. Kr, vol. 7, pp. 97-101, June 2003

3. X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang and F.-S. Choa, “Linearized Mach-Zehnder Intensity Modulator,”, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 531-533, 2003

4. Young-Geun Han, Chang-Seok Kim, Jin. U. Kang, Un-Chul Paek, and Youngjoo Chung, “Multiwavelength Raman Fiber Ring Laser using Tunable Cascaded Long-Period Fiber Gratings,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 383-385, 2003

5. Chang-Seok Kim, Young-Geun Han, Raymond M. Sova, Un-Chul Paek, Youngjoo Chang and Jin U. Kang, “Optical fiber modal birefringence measurement based on Lyot-Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 269-271, 2003

6. Chang-Seok Kim, Raymond Sova and Jin U. Kang, “Novel multi-wavelength Raman source using a tunable all-fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Opt. Comm., vol. 218, pp.291-295, 2003

7. Young-Geun Han, Chang-Seok Kim, Jin. U. Kang, Un-Chul Paek, and Youngjoo Chung, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain by adjusting temperature and strain sensitivity of long-period fiber gratings,” Opt. Exp., vol. 11, pp. 476-481, 2003


1. Jin U. Kang, Xiaobo Xie, Jacob Khurgin, “Group Velocity Modified Ti-diffused LiNbO3 Waveguides with Dual Bragg Gratings,” Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 1049-1051, 2002

2. Do-Hyun Kim, Jin U. Kang and Jacob B. Khurgin, “Cascaded Raman Self-Frequency Shifted Soliton Generation in an All-PM Er/Yb-doped Fiber Amplifier,” App. Phys. Lett., vol. 81, pp. 2695-2697, 2002

3. Xiaobo Xie, Jacob Khurgin, Jin U. Kang and Fow-Sen Choa, “Ring-Assisted Frequency Discriminator With Improved Linearity,” Photonics Tech. Lett., vol 14, pp. 1136-1138, 2002

4. Jin U. Kang, C. S. Kim and Jacob B. Khurgin, “Fiber-laser SHG yields broad bandwidth at high power,” Laser Focus World, vol. 38, issue 2, Feb. 2002

5. Jacob B. Khurgin, Igor Vurgraftman, Jerry R. Meyer, Shuangmei Xu and Jin U. Kang, “Reduced cross-talk semiconductor optical amplifiers based on type-II quantum wells,” Photonics Tech. Lett., Vol. 14, 278-279, 2002

6. Xiaobo Xie, Jacob B. Khurgin, Jin U. Kang and Fow-Sen Choa, “Compact Linearized Optical FM Discriminator,” Photonics Tech. Lett., Vol. 14, 384-386, 2002

7. Raymond Sova, Chang-Seok Kim and Jin U. Kang, “Dual-Wavelength All-PM Fiber Ring Laser,” Photonics Tech. Lett., Vol. 14, 287-289, 2002


1. Cedric F. Lam, M. Boroditsky, Mark D. Feuer, Nicholas J. Frigo, Bhavesh Desai, and Jin U. Kang, “Demonstration of Programmable Optical Multicasting in a Regional/Metro Area Network,” Photonic Technology Letters, Vol. 13, pp. 1236-1238, 2001


1. Jin U. Kang, “Broadband quasi-stationary pulses in mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Comm. Vol. 182, 433-436, 2000

2. Jin U. Kang and R. Sova, “Observation of dual relaxation-oscillations and their dynamics in all-PM erbium/ytterbium fiber ring-lasers,” Electron. Lett. Vol. 36, 1361-1362, 2000

3. J. B. Khurgin, Jin U. Kang, and Yujie Ding, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth electro-optic modulator based on a cascaded Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. Vol. 25, 70-72, 2000


1. T. R. Clark, J. U. Kang, and R. D. Esman, “Time- and wavelength- interweaved photonic sampler for analog-digital conversion,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. Vol. 11, 1168-1170, 1999

2. Jin U. Kang and Ronald D. Esman, “Demonstration of time interweaved photonic 4 channel WDM sampler for a hybrid analog-digital converter,” Electron. Lett., Vol. 35, 60-61, 1999

3. H. Dietrich, J. U. Kang, M. Y. Frankel, and B. Molnar, “An implantation approach to SEU suppression in GaAs,” Electron. Lett. Apr. 19-20, 1999

4. Michael L. Dennis, Thomas F. Carruthers, Walter I. Kaechele, R. Brian Jenkins, Jin U. Kang, and Irl N. Duling, III, “Long span repeaterless transmission using adiabatic solitons,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. Vol. 11, 478-480, 1999


1. X. H. Gu, R. Y. Korotkov, and Y. J. Ding, J. U. Kang, J. B. Khurgin, ” Observation of backward third-harmonic generation in periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Optics Comm., Vol. 155, 323-326, 1998

2. Jin U. Kang, Michael Y. Frankel, and Ronald D. Esman, “Highly Parallel Pulsed Opto-Electronic Analog Digital Converter, ” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., Vol. 10, 1626-1628, 1998

3. Jin U. Kang, Jacob Khurgin, C. C. Yang, H. H. Lin, and George I. Stegeman, “Two-photon transitions between bound-to-continuum states in AlGaAs/GaAs Multiple Quantum Well,” Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 73, 3638-3640, 1998

4. Jin U. Kang, Ralph Posey, Jr., and Ronald D. Esman, “Demonstration of supercontinuum generation in long cavity fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. , Vol. 23, 1375-1377, 1998

5. J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, and N. Ahkmediev, ” Spatial solitons in AlGaAs waveguides,” Int. J. Optical and Quantum Electron., Vol. 30, 649-671, 1998

6. Jin U. Kang, Michael Y. Frankel, Ronald D. Esman, “Demonstration of microwave frequency shifting by use of a highly chirped mode-locked fiber laser,” Optics Lett., Vol. 23, 1188-1190, 1998

7. Y. J. Ding and J. U. Kang, and Jacob B. Khurgin, “Theory of backward second-harmonic generation using laser pulses in quasi-phase-matched second-order nonlinear medium,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., Vol. 34, 966-974, 1998

8. Jin U. Kang, Michael Y. Frankel, Ronald D. Esman, D. A. Thompson and B. J. Robinson, “Dependence of carrier lifetime and resistivity on annealing in InP grown by He-plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. Vol. 83, 3423-3425, 1998

9. H. Pinkney, p. Simpson, J. U. Kang, M. Y. Frankel D. A. Thompson, B. J. Robinson, and P. Mascher, “Characterization of annealed high-resistivity InP grown by He-plasma-assisted epitaxy,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, Vol. 16(2) 772-775, 1998

10. Jin U. Kang, Michael Y. Frankel, Ronald D. Esman, D. A. Thompson and B. J. Robinson, “InGaAsP grown by He-plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy for 1.55mm high speed photodetectors,” App. Phys. Lett. Vol. 72, 1278-1280, 1998

11. Xinhua Gu, Roman Y. Korotkov, Yujie J. Ding, Jin U. Kang, Jacob. B. Khurgin, “Backward second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, Vol. 15, 1561-1566, 1998


1. Michael Y. Frankel, Jin U. Kang and Ronald D. Esman, “High-Performance Photonic Analog-Digital Converter,” Electron. Lett. Vol. 33, 2096-2097, 1997

2. M. L. Dennis, M. A. Putnam, J. U. Kang, T. E. Tsai, I. N. Duling III, E. J. Friebele, “Interrogation of fiber Bragg gratings by mode-locked erbium fiber laser,” Optics Lett, Vol. 22, 1362-1364, 1997

3. J. U. Kang, W. K. Burns, Y. J. Ding, and J. S. Melinger, “First observation of backward second-harmonic generation in periodically-poled bulk LiNbO3,” Optics Lett., Vol. 22, 862-864, 1997

4. J. U. Kang, M. Y. Frankel, J.-W. Huang, and T. F. Kuech, “Ultrafast carrier trapping in oxygen-doped metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy GaAs,” App. Phys. Lett, 70, 1560-1562, 1997

5. P. Miller, J. S. Aitchison, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, A. Villeneuve, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, “Nonlinear Waveguide Arrays in AlGaAs,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, Vol. 14, 3224-3231, 1997

6. J. S. Aitchison, D. C. Hutchings, J. M. Arnold, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, E. Ostrovskaya, and N. Ahkmediev, “Power-Dependent Polarisation Dynamics of mixed mode Spatial Solitary waves in AlGaAs waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, Vol. 14, 3032-3037, 1997

7. J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, “Spatial soliton robustness against spatially anisotropic phase perturbations,” App. Phys. Lett, Vol. 70, 1363-1365, 1997

8. E. A. Ostrovskaya, N. M. Ahkmediev, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and J. S. Aitchison, “Mixed-mode spatial solitons in semiconductor waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, Vol. 14, 880-887, 1997

9. J. S. Aitchison, and D. C. Hutchings, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, ” Nonlinearities of AlGaAs below half the band gap,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron., Vol. 33, 341-348, 1997


1. J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, A. Villenuve, N. Ahkmediev, “AlGaAs below half the band gap: A Laboratory for spatial soliton physics,” J. Pure Appl. Opt. Vol. 5, 583-594, 1996

2. J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, and N. Ahkmediev, ” Observation of Manakov soliton in AlGaAs planar waveguides, ” Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 76, 3699-3702, 1996

3. Jin U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and J. S. Aitchison, “One-Dimensional Spatial Soliton Dragging and All-Optical Switching in AlGaAs Waveguides,” Optics Lett., Vol. 21, 189-191, 1996


1. J. S. Aitchison, Jin. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, “Signal Gain due to a polarization coupling in an AlGaAs Channnel Waveguide,” App. Phys. Lett, Vol. 67, 2456-2458, 1995

2. Jin U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and J. S. Aitchison, “Weak Beam Trapping by a Bright Spatial Soliton in AlGaAs Waveguides,” Optics Lett., Vol. 20, 2069-2071, 1995

3. Villeneuve, P. Vamyshev, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison and C. N. Ironside, “Time Domain All-Optical Demultiplexing with a Semiconductor Directional Coupler”, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 66, 1668-1670, 1995

4. Villeneuve, J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, and G. I. Stegeman, “Unity ratio of cross- to self-phase modulation in bulk AlGaAs and AlGaAs/GaAs multiple quantum well waveguides at half the band gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett, Vol. 67, 760-762, 1995

5. Jin U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and J. S. Aitchison, ‘All-optical multiplexing of femtosecond signals using an AlGaAs nonlinear directional coupler,’ Electron. Lett, Vol. 31, 118-119, 1995

6. Jin U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, C-H. Huang, D-U. Li, H-H. Lin, H-C. Chang, and C. C. Yang, “Birefringence of Passive Multi-Quantum-Well Semiconductor Slab Waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett., Vol. 7, 769-771, 1995

7. Villeneuve, J. S. Aitchison, B. Vogele, R. Tapella, J. U. Kang, C. Trevinos, and G. I. Stegeman, “Waveguide Design for Minimum Nonlinear Effective Area and Switching Energy in AlGaAs at Half the Bandgap”, Electron. Lett, Vol. 31, 549-551, 1995


1. G. I. Stegeman, A. Villeneuve, J. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, K. Al-Hemyari, C. C. Yang, C.-H. Lin, H.-H. Lin, G. T. Kennedy, R. S. Grant, and W. Sibbett, ‘AlGaAs Below Half Bandgap: The Silicon of Nonlinear Optical Materials,’ Int. J. of Nonlinear Optical Physics, Vol 3, 347-371, 1994

2. Villeneuve, P. Vamyshev, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison and C. N. Ironside, “Efficient Time-Domain Demultiplexing with Separate Signal and Control Wavelenghts in an AlGaAs Nonlinear Directional Coupler”, IEEE J. Quant. Electron., Vol. 31, 2165-2172, 1995

3. Jin U. Kang, Alain Villeneuve, Mansoor Sheik-Bahae, George I Stegeman, Kadhair Al-hemyari, J. Stewart Aitchison, and Charles N. Ironside, ‘Limitation due to three-photon absorption on the useful spectral range for nonlinear optics in AlGaAs below half band gap,’ Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 65, 147-149, 1994

4. Dug Y. Kim, William E. Torruellas, Jin Kang, Christian Bosshard, George I. Stegeman, Petar Vidakovic, Joseph Zyss, W. E. Moerner, R. Twieg, and G. Bjorklund, ‘Second-order cascading as the origin of large third-order effects in organic single-crystal-core fibers,’ Optics Lett. Vol. 19, 868-870, 1994

5. Villeneuve, J. S. Aitchison, J. U. Kang, P. G. Wigley, and G. I. Stegeman, ‘Integrated Ultrafast Saturable Absorber,’ Optics Lett. Vol. 19, 761-763, 1994

6. B.L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Toruellas, G.I. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth and S. Etemad, ‘Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm’, Electron. Lett, Vol. 30, 447-448, 1994


1. K. Al-hemyari, A. Villeneuve, J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. I. Stegeman, ‘Ultrafast all-optical switching in GaAlAs directional couplers at 1.55 mm without multiphoton absorption’, Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 63, 3562-3564, 1993

2. Villeneuve, K. Al-Hemyari, J. U. Kang, C. N. Ironside, J. S. Aitchison and G. I. Stegeman, ‘Demonstration of All-Optical Demultiplexing at 1555 nm with an AlGaAs Directional Coupler’, Electron. Lett., Vol. 29, 721-722, 1993