Publications

Jamal_work_2

PUBLICATIONS
Journal Articles:

1.          E. Greenwald, E. So, Q. Wang, M. Mollazadeh, C. Maier, R. Etienne-Cummings, G. Cauwenberghs, and N. Thakor. “A Bidirectional Neural Interface IC With Chopper Stabilized BioADC Array and Charge Balanced Stimulator.” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Vol. PP, no.99, pp. 1-13, 2016.

2.          B. Holinski, K. Mazurek, D. Everaert, A. Toossi, A. Lucas-Osma, P. Troyk, R. Etienne-Cummings, R. Stein, and V. Mushahwar. “Intraspinal microstimulation produces over-ground walking in anesthetized cats.” Journal of Neural Engineering, Vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 056016, 2016.

3.          X. Liu, M. Zhang, T. Xiong, A. Richardson, T. Lucas, P. Chin, R. Etienne-Cummings, T. Tran, and J. Van der Spiegel. “A Fully Integrated Wireless Compressed Sensing Neural Signal Acquisition System for Chronic Recording and Brain Machine Interface.” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 874-883, 2016.

4.          J. Zhang, T. Xiong, T. Tran, S. Chin, and R. Etienne-Cummings. “Compact all-CMOS spatiotemporal compressive sensing video camera with pixel-wise coded exposure.” Optics express, Vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 9013-9024, 2016.

5.          K. Mazurek, B. Holinski, D. Everaert, V. Mushahwar, and R. Etienne-Cummings. “A Mixed-Signal VLSI System for Producing Temporally Adapting Intraspinal Microstimulation Patterns for Locomotion,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 902-911, 2016.

6.          C. Posch, R. Benosman, and R. Etienne-Cummings. “Giving machines humanlike eyes.” IEEE Spectrum, Vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 44-49, 2015.

7.          G. Orchard, C. Meyer, R. Etienne-Cummings, C. Posch, N. Thakor, and R. Benosman. “HFirst: a temporal approach to object recognition.” IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence, Vol. 37, no. 10, pp. 2028-2040, 2015.

8.          J. Zhang, S. Mitra, Y. Suo, A. Cheng, T. Xiong, F. Michon, M. Welkenhuysen et al. “A closed-loop compressive-sensing-based neural recording system.” Journal of neural engineering, Vol.12, no. 3, pp. 036005, 2015.

9.          G. Orchard and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Bioinspired Visual Motion Detection”, to appear in Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 102, No. 8, October 2014.

10.        X. Guo, E. Boctor, R. Etienne-Cummings, “Active Reflector Tracking System for Interventional Tools,” accepted to PLOS One, Summer 2014.

11.        Y. Suo J. Zhang, P. Chin, R. Etienne-Cummings and T. Tran, “Energy Efficient, Two-Stage Compressed Sensing Method for Neural Reconstruction,” accepted to IEEE TBioCAS, Summer 2014.

12.        J. Zhang, Y. Suo, S. Mitra, S. P. Chin, S. Hsiao, R.F. Yazicioglu, T. D. Tran and R. Etienne-Cummings, ” An Efficient and Compact Compressed Sensing Microsystem for Implantable Neural Recordings,” IEEE TBioCAS, Vol. 8 No. 4. pp 485-496, Aug. 2014

A.    Russell, S. Mihalas, E. Niebur and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Proto-Object Based Visual Saliency Model,” Vision Research, Vol. 94, pp. 1 – 15, 2014.

13.        G. Orchard, J. G. Martin, R. J. Vogelstein, and R. Etienne-Cummings, “FPGA Implementation of HMAX Achieves 1000x Speedup Over CPU,” IEEE Transaction on Neural Network, Vol. 24, No. 8, pp 1239-1252, Aug 2013.

14.        G. Köklü, Ghaye, J., Etienne-Cummings, R., Leblebici, Y., De Micheli, G., & Carrara, S., “Empowering Low-Cost CMOS Cameras by Image Processing to Reach Comparable Results with Costly CCDs,” BioNanoScience, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 403-414, 2013.

15.        F. Dong, S.-H. Ieng., X. Savatier, R. Etienne-Cumming and R. Benosman, “Plenoptic Cameras in Real-Time Robotics,” International Journal of Robotics Research, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 209 – 217, 2013.

16.        C. Obasi, Etienne-Cummings, R., Lehmann, H., Lewin, J. S., & Asiyanbola, B., “Sponges and Incorrect Sponge Count: Minor Contributions To The Process Of Detecting Retained Foreign Bodies,” Technology and Health Care, DIO 10.3233/THC-2012-0688, Sept 2012.

17.        B. Asiyanbola, Etienne-Cummings, R., & Lewin, J. S., “Prevention and Diagnosis of Retained Foreign Bodies Through The Years: Past, Present, And Future Technologies,” Technology and Health Care, Vol. 20, No. 5, pp. 379-386, 2012.

18.        J. Senarathna, K. Murari, R. Etienne-Cummings, N.V. Thakor, N., “A Miniaturized Platform for Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging,” to appear in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Fall 2012 (currently accessible on iEEExplore)

19.        G. Orchard, J. Zhang, Y. Suo, M. Dao, D. T. Nguyen, S. Chin, C. Posch, T. D. Tran, and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Real Time Compressive Sensing Video Reconstruction In Hardware,” IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 604 – 615, 2012

20.        F. Folowosele, R. J. Vogelstein, R. Etienne-Cummings, “Spike Based Implementation of the HMAX Model of Object Recognition,” IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 56-515, January 2012.

21.        K. Mazurek, B. Holinski, D. Everaert, R. Stein, R. Etienne-Cummings, V. Mushahwar, “A Novel Control Algorithm with Feed Forward and Feedback Control for Over-Ground Locomotion in Anesthetized Cats,” Journal of Neural Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 2, April 2012.

22.        B. Asiyanbola, C. Cheng-Wu, J. S. Lewin and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Modified Map-Seeking Circuit: Use Of Computer-Aided Detection In Locating Postoperative Retained Foreign Bodies” Journal of Surgical Research, Vol. 175, No. 2, pp. e47-e52, June 2012.

23.        C. Sciotino, Etienne-Cummings, R., Lehmann, H., Lewin, J., Cheng-wu, C., & Asiyanbola, B., “Computer Aided Detection Of Retained Foreign Bodies,” Journal of Surgical Research, Vol. 165, No. 2, pp. 175, 2011.

A.    Russell, K. Mazurek, S. Mihalas, E. Niebur and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Maximum Likelihood Optimization of Silicon Neurons,” IEEE Trans. Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 133-141, 2012.

24.        F. Folowosele, T. Hamilton, R. Etienne-Cummings, “Silicon Modeling of the Milhanas-Niebur Neuron,” IEEE Transaction on Neural Networks, Vol. 22, No. 12 (part 1), pp. 1915-1927, 2011.

25.        G. Indiveri, R. Etienne-Cummings, F. Folowosele, et al., “Neurons in Silicon,” Frontiers of Neuromorphic Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 73, May 2011.

26.        Y. Dong, S. Mihalas, A. Russell, R. Etienne-Cummings and E. Niebur, “Estimating Parameters Of Generalized Integrate-And-Fire Neurons From The Maximum Likelihood Of Spike Trains,” Neural Computation, Vol. 23, No. 11, November 2011.

A.    Harrison, L. Mullins and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Sensor and Display Human Factors Based Design Constraints for Head Mounted and Tele-operation Systems,” Sensors, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 1598-1606, January 2011.

27.        K. Murari, R. Etienne-Cummings, G. Cauwenberghs and N. Thakor, “A CMOS In-Pixel CTIA High Sensitivity Fluorescence Imager,” IEEE Trans. Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Vol. 5, No. 5, pp. 449 – 458, October 2011.

28.        G. Cauwenberghs, R. Etienne-Cummings, Untitled. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 1-2, 2011. DOI:10.1109/TBCAS.2011.2105010.

29.        B. Asiyanbola, C. Obasi, R. Etienne-Cummings, J. Lewin, “Sponges And Incorrect Sponge Count Are A Minor Contribution To The Problem Of Retained Foreign,” Journal of the American College of Surgeons, Vol. 211, No. 3, pp. S103-S104, 2010.

30.        R. J. Vogelstein, S. Harshbarger, M. Mcloughlin, J. Beaty, S. Yantis, C. Connor, N. Thakor, C. Priebe, R. Etienne-Cummings, “Research Program in Applied Neuroscience,” Johns Hopkins Apl Technical Digest, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 222-223, 2010.

31.        G. Orchard and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Discriminating Multiple Nearby Targets Using a Single Ping Ultrasonic Mapping,” IEEE T. Circuits and Systems I, Vol. 57, No. 11, pp. 2915-2924, Nov 2010.

A.    Russell, G. Orchard, Y. Dong, S. Mihalas, E. Niebur, J. Tapson, R. Etienne-Cummings, “Optimization Methods For Spiking Neurons and Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, Vol. 21, No. 12, pp. 1950-1962, Dec 2010.

32.        V. Gruev, Z. Yang, R. Etienne-Cummings and J. Van der Spiegel, “Switchless Current Mode Active Pixel Sensor,” accepted to IEEE T. Circuits and Systems I, Vol. 57, No. 6, pp. 1154 – 1165, June 2010.

33.        K. Murari, R. Etienne-Cummings, G. Cauwenberghs, and N. Thakor, “Which Photodiode To Use: A Comparison of CMOS-Compatible Structures,” IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 9, No. 7, pp. 752-761, 2009.

34.        C. Obasi, A. Agwu, W. Akinpelu, R. Hammons, C. Clark, R. Etienne-Cummings, P. Hill, R. Rothman, S. Babalola, T. Ross, K. Carroll and B. Asiyanbola, “Contamination of Equipment in Emergency Settings: An Exploratory Study with a Targeted Automated Intervention,” Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research, Vol. 3, No. 8, doi:10.1186/1750-1164-3-8, July 2009.

35.        Y. M. Chi, R. Etienne-Cummings and G. Cauwenberghs, “Focal-Plane Change Triggered Video Compression for Low-Power Vision Sensor Systems,” Public Library of Science One, Vol. 4, No. 7: e6384. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006384, 2009.

36.        J. Tapson, C. Jin, A. van Schaik and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A First-Order Non-Homogeneous Markov Model for Integrate-and-Fire Neurons Stimulated by Small Phase-Continuous Signals,” Neural Computation, Vol. 21, No. 6, pp. 1554-1588, 2009.

37.        F. Tenore, A. Ramos Murguialday, A. Fahmy, R. Etienne-Cummings, and N. V. Thakor, “Towards Real-Time Control of Individuated Finger Movements using Surface Myoelectric Signals,” IEEE T. Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 56, No. 5, pp. 1427, 2009.

38.        R. Jacob Vogelstein, Lisa Stirling, Francesco Tenore, Vivian K. Mushahwar, and Ralph Etienne-Cummings.  “A Silicon Central Pattern Generator Controls Locomotion in vivo,” IEEE T. Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp 212 – 222, Sept. 2008. Best Paper Award 2011

A.    Acharya, F. Tenore, V. Aggarwal, R. Etienne-Cummings, M. H. Schieber, and N. V. Thakor, “Decoding Finger Movements Using Volume-Constrained Neuronal Ensembles,”  IEEE Trans. Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 15-23, 2008.

39.        V. Aggarwal, S. Acharya, F. Tenore, R. Etienne-Cummings, M. H. Schieber, and N. V. Thakor, “Asynchronous Decoding of Dexterous Finger Movements using M1 Neurons,” IEEE Trans. Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 3-14, 2008. IEEE-EMBS Most Outstanding Paper Award 2012

40.        N. Ekekwe, P. Kazanzides and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Wide Speed Range and High Precision Position and Velocity Measurements Chip with Serial Peripheral Interface,” Elsevier Integration, the VLSI Journal, Vol. 41, No. 2, pp. 297 – 305, Feb 2008.

41.        R. Philipp, V. Gruev, D. Orr, J. Van der Spiegel and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Linear and Low-Noise Current Domain Imager,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 42, No. 11, Nov. 2007.

42.        M. Chi, U. Mallik, E. Choi, M. Clapp, G. Cauwenberghs and R. Etienne-Cummings, “CMOS Pixel-Level ADC with Change Detection,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 42, No. 10, pp. 2187-2196, Oct. 2007.

43.        J. Vogelstein, U. Mallick, G. Cauwenberghs and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Real-Time Image Processing using a Spiking Imager and an Integrate-and-Fire Array Transceiver System,” Neural Computation, Vol. 19, pp. 2281-2300, 2007.

44.        J. Vogelstein, F. Tenore, R. Etienne-Cummings, M. A. Lewis, N. Thakor and A. Cohen, “Control of Locomotion After Injury or Amputation,” Biological Cybernetics, Vol. 95, No. 6, pp. 555 – 566, December 2006.

45.        J. Vogelstein, R. Etienne-Cummings, N. Thakor and A. Cohen, “Phase-Dependent Effects of Stimulation of the Spinal Central Pattern Generator for Locomotion,” IEEE Trans. Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 257 – 265, September 2006.

46.        N. Ekekwe and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Power Dissipation Sources and Possible Control Techniques in Ultra Deep Submicron CMOS Technologies,” Elsevier Journal of Microelectronics, Vol. 37, No. 9, pp. 851-860 September 2006

47.        M. Clapp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Bearing Angle Estimation for Sonar Micro-Array Using Analog VLSI Spatiotemporal Processing,” IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems-I, Vol. 53, No. 4, pp. 769 – 783, 2006.

48.        S. Mehta and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Simplified Normal Optical Flow CMOS Camera,” IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems-I,  Vol. 53, No. 6, pp. 1223 – 1234, June 2006

49.        S. Mehta and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Normal Optical Flow CMOS APS Imager,” IEE Electronics Letters, Vol. 41, No. 13, pp. 732 – 733, June 2005.

50.        T. Horiuch and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Time-Series Processor for Sonar Mapping and Novelty Detection,” Int. J. Robots and Automation, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 171 – 177, 2004.

51.        M. Clapp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Sensing Signal Input Bearing to a Sensor Array Using Velocity-Sensitive Spatiotemporal Filters,” IEE Electronics Letters, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 211-212, February 2004.

52.        V. Gruev and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Pipelined Temporal Difference Imager,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 538 – 543, March 2004.

53.        R. Philipp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Single Chip Stereo Vision System,” Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing Journal, Vol. 7, pp. 703-712, July 2004.

54.        E. Culurciello, R. Etienne-Cummings, and K. Boahen, “An Address Event Digital Imager,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 281 – 294, February 2003.

55.        M. Anthony Lewis, R. Etienne-Cummings, M. H. Hartmann, A. H. Cohen, and Z. R. Xu, “An In Silico Central Pattern Generator: Silicon Oscillator, Coupling, Entrainment, Physical Computation & Biped Mechanism Control,” Biological Cybernetics, Vol. 88, No. 2, pp 137-151,  February 2003.

56.        R. Etienne-Cummings, P. Pouliquen and M. A. Lewis, “A Vision Chip for Color Segmentation and Object Recognition,” EURASIP J. Applied Signal Processing, Vol. 2003, No. 7, pp. 703-712, June 2003. Best Paper Award 2003

57.        M. Clapp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Dual Pixel Array for Imaging, Motion Detection and Centroid Tracking,” IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 2, No. 6, pp. 529 – 548, December 2002.

58.        V. Gruev and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Pipe-Lined Differencing Imager,” IEE Electronics Letter, Vol. 38, No. 7, pp. 315-317, March 2002.

59.        R. Etienne-Cummings, P. Pouliquen and M. A. Lewis, “Single Chip for Imaging, Color Segmentation, Histogramming and Template Matching,” IEE Electronic Letters, Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 172 –174, February 2002.

60.        V. Gruev and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Implementation Of Steerable Spatiotemporal Image Filters on the Focal Plane,” IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems-II, Vol. 49, No. 4, pp. 233-244, April 2002.

61.        E. Culurciello, R. Etienne-Cummings, and K. Boahen, “An Address Event Digital Imager,” IEE Electronic Letters, Vol. 37, No. 24, pp. 1443-1445, November, 2001.

62.        R. Etienne-Cummings, V. Gruev and M. Clapp, “High Performance Biomorphic Image Processing Under Tight Space and Power Constraints,” Autonomous Robots, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 227-232, November 2001.

63.        R. Etienne-Cummings, “Neuromorphic Visual Motion Detection in VLSI,” Int. J. Computer Vision, Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 175-198, September 2001.

64.        M. A. Lewis, M. Hartmann, R. Etienne-Cummings, and A. Cohen, “Biomorphic Control of a Running Robot Leg using a Custom aVLSI CPG Chip,” Neurocomputing, Vol. 38-40, pp. 1409-1421, June 2001.

65.        V. Gruev and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Programmable Spatial Processing Imager Chip,” Electronic Letters, Vol. 37, No. 11, pp. 688 – 690, May, 2001.

66.        R. Etienne-Cummings, Z. Kalayijan and D. Cai, “A Programmable Focal-Plane MIMD Image Processor Chip” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp 64 – 73, January 2001.

67.        R. Etienne-Cummings, J. Van der Spiegel and P. Mueller, “A Foveated Silicon Retina for Two-Dimensional Tracking,” IEEE Trans. Circuits and System II, Vol. 47, No. 6, pp. 504 – 527, June 2000.

68.        R. Etienne-Cummings, “Intelligent Robot Vision Sensors in VLSI,” Autonomous Robots, Vol. 7, No. 3 pp. 225-237, 1999.

69.        R. Etienne-Cummings, J. Van der Spiegel and P. Mueller, “Hardware Implementation of a Visual Motion Pixel using Oriented Spatiotemporal Neural Filters,” IEEE Trans. Circuits and System II, Vol. 46, No. 9, pp. 1121 – 1136, 1999.

70.        R. Etienne-Cummings, J. Van der Spiegel and P. Mueller, “A Focal Plane Visual Motion Measurement Sensor,” IEEE Trans. Circuits and System I, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 55 – 66, 1997.

71.        R. Etienne-Cummings and J. Van der Spiegel, “Neuromorphic Vision Sensors,” Sensors and Actuators: A, Vol. SNA056, pp. 19 – 29, 1996.

72.        R. Etienne-Cummings, R. Hathaway and J. Van der Spiegel, “An Accurate and Simple CMOS ‘One-Over’ Circuit,” Electronic Letters, Vol. 29-18, pp. 1618 – 1620, Sept. 1993.

73.        J. Van der Spiegel, D. Blackman, P. Chance, C. Donham, R. Etienne-Cummings and P. Kinget, “An Analog Neural Network with Modular Architecture for Real-Time Dynamic Computations,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 27, pp. 82 – 92, 1992.

74.        P. Mueller, J. Van der Spiegel, D. Blackman, P. Chance, C. Donham, R. Etienne-Cummings, J., J. Kim, M. Massa and S. Samarasekera, “Design and Performance of a Prototype General Purpose Analog Neural Computer,” Neurocomputing, Vol. 4, pp. 311 – 324, 1992.

 

 

Journal Articles (In Review):

1.      A. Russell, S. Mihalas, Y. Dong, P.A. Iglesias, E. Niebur and R. Etienne-Cummings, “The Maximum Likelihood estimator for the Mihalas-Niebur Neuron is Log-concave,” under revision for Neural Computation, June 2012

2.      L. Mullins, A. Harrison, R.  Etienne-Cummings, “Tone Mapping to Enhance Target Identification”, submitted to Military Psychology, Summer 2013.

3.      A. Harrison, G. Qulock-Knopp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “An Entropy-Based Model of Visual Saliency,” submitted to Journal of Vision, revised, Spring 2013.

4.      G. Orchard, R. Benosman, R. Etienne-Cummings and N. Thakor, “HFirst: A Temporal Approach to Object Recognition,” submitted to IEEE T. PAMI, Fall 2013.

 

Books and Chapters:

1.       F. Tenore and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Neuromorphic Electronic Design,” in Biohybrid Systems: Nerves, Interfaces and Machines, R. Jung (Ed.), pp. 31 – 52, Wiley-VCH Verlag & Co., Weinheim, Germany, 2011

2.       K. Mazurek, R. J. Vogelstein and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Neuromorphic Hardware for Control,” in Biohybrid Systems: Nerves, Interfaces and Machines, R. Jung (Ed.), pp. 157 – 174, Wiley-VCH Verlag & Co., Weinheim, Germany, 2011

3.       C. Ashby, J. Vogelstein and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Locomotion Circuits,” in Neuromorphic Engineering II, S.-C. Liu, T. Delburck, I. Indiveri and R. Douglas (Eds.), Spring 2011.

4.       O. Yadid-Pecht and R. Etienne-Cummings, CMOS Imagers: from Phototransduction to Image Processing, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Spring 2004

5.       R. Etienne-Cummings, M. Clapp and V. Gruev, “Focal-Plane Analog Image Processing,” in O. Yadid-Pecht and R. Etienne-Cummings, CMOS Imagers: from Phototransduction to Image Processing, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Spring 2004

6.       R. Etienne-Cummings, “Visual Motion Detection Chip,” in Ali Moini, Vision Chips, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.

7.       R. Etienne-Cummings, J Van der Spiegel and P. Mueller, “Neuromorphic and Digital Hybrid Systems,” Neuromorphic Systems: Engineering Silicon from Neurobiology, L. Smith and A. Hamilton (Eds.), World Scientific, 1997.

8.       J. Van der Spiegel and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Smart Sensors and Biologically Inspired Algorithms,” (Invited) 15th Sensor Symposium, Kawasaki, Japan, June 3-4, 1997.

9.       R. Etienne-Cummings, S. Fernando, N. Takahashi, V. Shtonov, J. Van der Spiegel and P. Mueller, “A New Temporal Domain Optical Flow Measurement Technique for Focal Plane VLSI Implementation,” (reprint) Vision Chips: Implementing Vision Algorithms with Analog VLSI Circuits, C. Koch and H. Li (Eds.), IEEE Computer Press, 1995.

10.    J. Van der Spiegel, R. Etienne-Cummings, C. Donham, A. Apsel, P. Mueller and D. Blackman, “A General Purpose Analog Neural Computer for Real-Time Spatiotemporal Pattern Analysis: Visual Motion Estimation”, Fuzzy Logic and Neural Networks Handbook-Architectures and Systems, C. H. Chen (Ed.), Chapter 31, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 1995.

 

Invited Presentations:

1.        R. Etienne-Cummings, “I Robot:  Bridging the Gap Between Man, Mind and Machines” The US Science Fair, Washington, DC, April 2014.

2.        R. Etienne-Cummings, “How Do We Make Neural Prosthetic Devices of the Future Speak The Same Language as the Nervous System,” NIH Body Re-Engineering Leaps Toward the Future, March 2013.

3.        R. Etienne-Cummings, “I Robot:  Bridging the Gap Between Man, Mind and Machines” The Brain Forum, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, December 2013. (Keynote)

4.        R. Etienne-Cummings, “Design Systems on a Chip that Speak The Same Language as the Nervous System” 9th System on Chip Conference, Newport Beach, CA, November 2011. (Keynote)

5.        R. Etienne-Cummings, “How Do We Make Neural Prosthetic Devices of the Future Speak The Same Language as the Nervous System?” Proc. IEEE Technology Time Machine, Hong Kong, June 2011. (Keynote with extended abstract)

6.        R. Etienne-Cummings and R. Philipp, “Single Chip Stereo Imager,” ISSCC Forum on 3D Imaging, Feb. 2011.

7.        R. Etienne-Cummings, “Current Mode Active Pixel Imagers Make Focal-Plane Processing Easier,” CMOS Emerging Technology, Vancouver, Canada, Aug 2008.

8.       R. Etienne-Cummings, “Generation and Control of Spinal Locomotion Circuits and Their application to Neural Prosthetics,” National Academies of Science Kavli Frontiers of Science, Irvine, CA, Nov 2007.

9.       R. Etienne-Cummings, “Focal-Plane Image Processing with Neuromorphic Vision Systems,” SPIE EOS, Munich, Germany, June 2007.

10.    R. Etienne-Cummings, S. Mehta, R. Philipp and V. Gruev, “Neuromorphic Vision Systems for Mobile Applications,” IEEE CICC’06, San Jose, CA, September 2006.

11.    R. Etienne-Cummings, “Neuromorphic Vision Systems,” Workshop on Neuromorphic Systems, IJCNN’05, Montreal, Canada, August 2005.

12.    F. Tenore, M. A. Lewis and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Programmable Array of Silicon Neurons for the Control of Legged Locomotion,” IEEE ISCAS’04, Vancouver, Canada, May 2004.

13.    M. Massie, J.P. Curzan, C. Baxter, P. McCarley and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Vision Chips for Robot Navigation,” IEEE ISCAS’03, Bangkok, Thailand, May 2003.

14.    J. van der Spiegel, R. Etienne-Cummings and M. Nishimura, “Neuromorphic Vision Chips,” 23rd International Conference On Microelectronics, May, 2002.

15.    M. Clapp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Tracking Multiple Targets in 3D,” Proc. CISS’01, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 2001.

16.    R. Etienne-Cummings, Z. Rong Xu and F. Tenore, M. A. Lewis, “Spike-Based Adaptive Control of a Biped,” Proc. CISS’01, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 2001.

17.    R. Etienne-Cummings, “Computational Acoustic Sensors:  Focal-Plane MEMS/CMOS Arrays,” Proc. of Biologically Inspired System, Wollongong, Australia, 2000.

18.    R. Etienne-Cummings, V. Gruev and M. Clapp, “High Density Focal-Plane Image Processing,”  Proc. SPIE, Orlando, 2001.

19.    R. Etienne-Cummings, “Intelligent Visual Sensors: Will They Benefit Robotics,” Proc. Workshop on Biomorphic Robots, IROS98, Victoria, BC, 1998.

 

Refereed Conference Proceedings

1.            A. Harrison, L. Mullins, A. Raglin, and R. Etienne-Cummings. “Enhanced visual perception through tone mapping.” In SPIE Defense+ Security, pp. 98510U-98510U. International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2016.

2.            J. Molin, J. Rattray, and R. Etienne-Cummings. “Stochastic image processing and simultaneous dewarping for aerial vehicles.” In Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), 2016 IEEE International Symposium on, pp. 2086-2089. IEEE, 2016.

3.            A. Khalifa, J. Zhang, M. Leistner, and R. Etienne-Cummings. “A compact, low-power, fully analog implantable microstimulator.” In Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), 2016 IEEE International Symposium on, pp. 2435-2438. IEEE, 2016.

4.            A. Andreou, T. Figliolia, K. Sanni, T. Murray, G. Tognetti, D. Mendat, J. Molin et al. “Bio-inspired system architecture for energy efficient, BIGDATA computing with application to wide area motion imagery.” In 2016 IEEE 7th Latin American Symposium on Circuits & Systems (LASCAS), pp. 1-6. IEEE, 2016.

5.            T. Xiong, , J. Zhang, S. Chin, T. Tran, and R.Etienne-Cummings. “Compressed sensing block-wise exposure control algorithm using optical flow estimation.” In Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), 2015 IEEE, pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2015.

6.            J. Zhang, Y. Suo, C. Zhao, T. Tran, and R. Etienne-Cummings. “CMOS implementation of pixel-wise coded exposure imaging for insect-based sensor node.” In Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), 2015 IEEE, pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2015.

7.            E. Greenwald, E. So, M. Mollazadeh, C. Maier, R. Etienne-Cummings, N. Thakor, and G. Cauwenberghs. “A 5?? W/channel 9b-ENOB BioADC array for electrocortical recording.” In Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), 2015 IEEE, pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2015.

8.            J. Molin, T. Figliolia, K. Sanni, I. Doxas, A. Andreou, and R. Etienne-Cummings. “FPGA emulation of a spike-based, stochastic system for real-time image dewarping.” In 2015 IEEE 58th International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS), pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2015.

9.            T. Xiong, J. Zhang, Y. Suo, D. Tran, R. Etienne-Cummings, S. Chin, and T. Tran. “An unsupervised dictionary learning algorithm for neural recordings.” In 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), pp. 1010-1013. IEEE, 2015.

10.         A. Cheng, X. Guo, H. Zhang, H. Kang, R. Etienne-Cummings, and E. Boctor. “Active point out-of-plane ultrasound calibration.” In SPIE medical imaging, pp. 94150W-94150W. International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2015.

11.         J. Molin, R. Etienne-Cummings, and E. Niebur. “How is motion integrated into a proto-object based visual saliency model?.” In Information Sciences and Systems (CISS), 2015 49th Annual Conference on, pp. 1-6. IEEE, 2015.

12.         X. Guo, R. Etienne-Cummings, E. Boctor, “Active Echo: A New Paradigm for Ultrasound Calibration” Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention–MICCAI 2014, pp. 397-404, Springer International Publishing, 2014.

13.         X. Guo, B. Tavakoli, J. H. Kang, J. U. Kang, R. Etienne-Cummings, & E. Boctor, “Photoacoustic active ultrasound element for catheter tracking,” In SPIE BiOS, pp. 89435M-89435M,  International Society for Optics and Photonics, March 2014.

14.         T. Figliolia, Mendat, D. R., Russell, A. F., Murray, T. A., Niebur, E., Etienne-Cummings, R., & Andreou, A. G., “Auditory Modulation of Visual Proto-Object Formation In A Hierarchical Auditory-Visual Saliency Map,” Proc. CISS 2013, Baltimore, MD, March 2013.

15.         Y. Leblebici, Etienne-Cummings, R., Koklu, G., Carrara, S., & Micheli, G. D., “Characterization of Standard CMOS Compatible Photodiodes and Pixels for Lab-on-Chip Devices,” Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), No. EPFL-CONF-187943, pp. 1075-1078, 2013.

16.         Y. Suo J. Zhang, P. Chin, T. Tran, and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Energy Efficient, Two-Stage Compressed Sensing Method for Neural Reconstruction,” Proc. BioCAS 2013, Rotterdam, Oct 31st – Nov 2, 2013.

17.         J. Molin, A. Russell, E. Niebur, and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Proto-Object Based Visual Saliency Model with Motion Selective Channel,” Proc. BioCAS 2013, Rotterdam, Oct 31st – Nov 2, 2013.

18.         K. Duncan and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Selecting a Safe Power Level for an Indoor Implanted UWB Wireless Biotelemetry Link,” Proc. BioCAS 2013, Rotterdam, Oct 31st – Nov 2, 2013.

19.         G. Orchard, N. Thakor and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Real-Time Motion Estimation Using Spatiotemporal Filtering in FPGA” Proc. BioCAS 2013, Rotterdam, Oct 31st – Nov 2, 2013.

20.         G. Orchard, R. Benosman, N. Thakor and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Spiking Neural Network Architecture for Visual Motion Estimation” Proc. BioCAS 2013, Rotterdam, Oct 31st – Nov 2, 2013.

21.         J. Zhang, S. Mitra, Yuanming Suo, Peter Chin, Trac Tran, Firat Yazicioglu and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Reconstruction of Neural Action Potentials Using Signal Dependent Sparse Representations,” Proc. ISCAS 2013, Beijing, May 20 – 23, 2013.

22.         G. Koklu, S. Carrara, and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Are CMOS Cameras Reliable for Biological

23.         Applications,” Proc. ISCAS 2013, Beijing, May 20 – 23, 2013.

24.         C. Rhoades, Advani, T., Mazurek, K., & Etienne-Cummings, R., “Live Demo: ColorGlove,” 2012 IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), pp. 92-92, November 2012.

25.         F. Galluppi, Conradt, J., Stewart, T., Eliasmith, C., Horiuchi, T., Tapson, J., and Etienne-Cummings, R., “Live Demo: Spiking ratSLAM: Rat hippocampus cells in spiking neural hardware,” 2012 IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), pp. 91-91, November 2012.

26.         A. Russell and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Perceptual Organization, Attention and Object Recognition: Closing the Loop”, 46th Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems, Princeton, NJ, March 2012.

27.         A. Harrison and R. Etienne-Cummings, “An Entropy based Ideal Observer Model for Visual Saliency”, 46th Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems, Princeton, NJ, March 2012.

28.         K.A. Mazurek and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Implementation of Functional Components of the Locomotion Processing Unit,” IEEE BioCAS, San Diego, CA, USA, November 10-12, 2011.

29.         A. Russell and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Maximum Likelihood Optimization of Silicon Neurons,” ISCAS 2011, Rio de Jeniero, Brazil, May 2011.

30.         B. Asiyanbola, C. Cheng-Wu, J. S. Lewin, and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Modified Map-Seeking Circuit: Use Of Computer-Aided Detection In Locating Postoperative Retained Foreign Bodies,” Association for Academic Surgery, Feb 2011

31.         C. Obasi, C. Cheng-Wu, C. Sciortini, R. Ettiene-Cummings,  J. S. Lewin and B. Asiyanbola, “Sponges and incorrect sponge count: Limited contribution to the current process of detecting retained foreign bodies,” Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons, Oct 8 2010

32.         J. Senarathna, K. Murari, N. Li, R. Etienne-Cummings and N. Thakor, “Miniaturized Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging Microscope,” submitted to 2nd International Conference on Mathematical and Computational Biomedical Engineering – CMBE201, March 2011.

33.         K. Duncan, and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A low-cost COTS UWB transceiver for biological applications achieves 50Mb/s; 10−6 Raw BER.” Proc. Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), San Diego, CA, 2011.

34.         A. Harrison, R. and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Event-based Imager,” IEEE BioCAS’10 Conference, Cyprus, Nov. 3 – 5, 2010

35.         K. Mazurek, R. Etienne-Cummings et al, “A Locomotion Processing Unit (LPU),” IEEE BioCAS’10 Conference, Cyprus, Nov. 3 – 5, 2010

36.         F. Folowosele, T.J. Hamilton, and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A CMOS Switched Capacitor Implementation of the Mihalas-Niebur  Neuron,” Proceedings of IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), Beijing, November 2009

37.         K. Murari, E. Greenwald, R. Etienne-Cummings, G. Cauwenberghs and N. Thakor, “Design and Characterization of a Miniaturized Epi-Illuminated Microscope,” IEEE EMBS,  Minneapolis, MN, 2009

38.         A. F. Russell, R. S. Armiger, R. J. Vogelstein, S. J. Bensmaia and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Real-Time Implementation Of A Biofidelic SA1 Model For Tactile Feedback,” IEEE EMBS, pp. 185-188, Minneapolis, MN, 2009.

39.         H. Schwerdt, J. Tapson and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Color Detecting Glove with Haptics Feedback for the Visually Impaired,” Proc. CISS’09, Baltimore, MD, March 2009.

40.         G. Orchard, J. Molin and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Simulation of a Single-Ping Ultrasonic Bearing and Range Measurement System Using Spatio-Temporal Filters,” Proc. CISS’09, Baltimore, MD, March 2009.

41.         S. Mitra, R. Zele and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Low-Voltage, High CMRR OTA For Electrophysiological Measurements,” ISCAS 2009, Tiepei, Taiwan, May 2009.

42.         F. Folowosele, A. Harrison, A. Cassidy, A. Andreou, R. Etienne-Cummings, S. Mihalas, E. Niebur, T. Hamilton, “A Switched Capacitor Implementation of the Generalized Linear Integrate-and-Fire Neuron,” ISCAS 2009, Tiepei, Taiwan, May 2009.

43.         J. Tapson, J. Diaz, D. Sander, N. Gurari, E. Chicca, P. Pouliquen and R. Etienne-Cummings, “The Feeling of Color: a Haptic Feedback Device for the Visually Disabled,” IEEE BioCAS 2008, Baltimore, MD, November 2008.

44.         P. Pouliquen, J. Vogelstein and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Considerations for the Use of a Howland Current Source for Neural Stimulation,” IEEE BioCAS 2008, Baltimore, MD, November 2008.

45.         S. Chen, F. Folowosele, D. Kim, R. J. Vogelstein, E. Culurcielle, and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Size and Position Invariant Event-Based Human Posture Recognition,” IEEE BioCAS 2008, Baltimore, MD, November 2008.

46.         F. Tenore, and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Biomorphic Circuits and Systems: Control of Robotic and Prosthetic Systems,” IEEE BioCAS 2008, Baltimore, MD, November 2008.

47.         F. Folowosele, R. J. Vogelstein and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Real-Time Silicon Implementation of V1 in Hierarchical Visual Information Processing,” IEEE BioCAS 2008, Baltimore, MD, November 2008.

48.         R. Smith, F. Tenore, D. Huberdeau, R. Etienne-Cummings, N. Thakor, “Continuous Decoding of Finger Position from Surface EMG Signals for the Control of Powered Prostheses,” 30th Annual International IEEE EMBS Conference, Vancouver, Canada, August 2008.

49.         A. Russell, F. Tenore, G. Singhal, N. Thakor, R. Etienne-Cummings, “Towards control of dexterous hand manipulations using a silicon Pattern Generator,” 30th Annual International IEEE EMBS Conference, Vancouver, Canada, August 2008.

50.         N. Ekekwe, R. Etienne-Cummings, “Adaptive Hysteretic Comparator with Opamp Threshold Level Setting,” IEEE International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, MWSCAS 2008, August 2008.

51.         N. Ekekwe, R. Etienne-Cummings, “A 5-bits Precision CMOS Bandgap Reference with On-Chip Bi-directional Resistance Trimming,” IEEE International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, MWSCAS 2008, August 2008.

52.         F. Tenore, D. Huberdeau, N. Thakor and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Using Real-time Finger Tracking to Detect User Errors,” North East BioEngineering Conference, Providence, RI, April 2008, Honorable mention.

53.         Y. M. Chi, G. Cauwenberghs and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Image Sensor with Focal Plane Change Event Driven Video Compression,” IEEE ISCAS 2008, Seattle, WA, May 2008.

54.         C. Clarke, C. White and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Finite Element Modeling of Tissue for Optimal Ultrasonic Transducer Array Design,” IEEE ISCAS 2008, Seattle, WA, May 2008.

55.         G. Orchard, A. Russell, K. Mazurek, F. Tenore, R. Etienne-Cummings, “Configuring Silicon Neural Networks Using Genetic Algorithms” IEEE ISCAS 2008, Seattle, WA, May 2008.

56.         F. Folowosele, F. Tenore, A. Russell, G. Orchard, M. Vismer, J. Tapson, and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Implementing a Neuromorphic Cross-Correlation Engine with Silicon Neurons,” IEEE ISCAS 2008, Seattle, WA, May 2008.

57.         J. Tapson, M.P. Vismer, C. Jin, A. van Schaik, F. Folowosele, R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Two-Neuron Cross-Correlation Circuit with a Wide and Continuous Range of Time Delay,” IEEE ISCAS 2008, Seattle, WA, May 2008.

58.         Y. M. Chi, G. Cauwenberghs, R. Etienne-Cummings, “Image Sensor with Focal Plane Change Event Driven Video Compression,” IEEE ISCAS 2008, Seattle, WA, May 2008.

59.         F. Folowosele, R.J. Vogelstein, R. Etienne-Cummings, “Spike-based MAX network for nonlinear pooling in hierarchical vision processing,” Proceedings of IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), Montreal, Canada, November 2007

60.         Y. Chi, T. Tran and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Optical Flow Approximation of Sub-Pixel Accurate Block Matching for Video Coding” IEEE ICASSP 2007, Honolulu, HW, April 2007.

61.         F. Tenore, A. R. Murguialday, A. Fahmy, S. Acharya,  R. Etienne-Cummings  and N.V. Thakor, “Towards the Control of Individual Fingers of a Prosthetic Hand Using Surface EMG Signals,”  29th IEEE EMBS International Conference, Lyon, France, August 2007.

62.         A. Cassidy and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Non-Linear Neural Spike Train Decoding via Polynomial Kernel Regression,” 29th IEEE EMBS International Conference, Lyon, France, August 2007.

63.         S. Acharya, V. Aggarwal, F. Tenore, H.C. Shin, R. Etienne-Cummings, M.H. Schieber, N.V. Thakor, “Towards a Brain-Computer Interface for Dexterous Control of a Multi-Fingered Prosthetic Hand,”  IEEE EMBS NeuroEngineering, Honolulu, HI, USA, Summer 2007.

64.         A. Linares-Barranco, S.-C. Liu, A. van Schaik and R. Etienne-Cummings, “AER Audition Filtering and CPG for Robot Control,” IEEE ISCAS 2007, New Orleans, LA, May 2007.

65.         J. Tapson and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Simple Neural Cross-Correlator Engine,” IEEE ISCAS 2007, New Orleans, LA, May 2007.

66.         N. Ekekwe, P. Kazanzides and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Incremental Encoder Based Position and Velocity Measurements VLSI Chip with Serial Peripheral Interface,” IEEE ISCAS 2007, New Orleans, LA, May 2007.

67.         C. Clark, C. White and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Design and Optimization a Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducer Micro-Array for Near Field Sensing ,” IEEE ISCAS 2007, New Orleans, LA, May 2007.

68.         V. Gruev, Z. Yang, J. van der Spiegel and R. Etienne-Cummings, “2 Transistor, Current-Mode Active Pixel Sensor,” IEEE ISCAS 2007, New Orleans, LA, May 2007.

69.         A. Russell, G. Orchard and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Configuring Spiking Central Pattern Generator Networks with Genetic Algorithms,” IEEE ISCAS 2007, New Orleans, LA, May 2007.

70.         R. Philipp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Single Chip Stereo Imager” ISSCC’06 Digest of Technical Papers, Vol. 49, Feb 2006.

71.         R. Etienne-Cummings, V. Gruev, S. Mehta and R. Philipp, “Neuromorphic Vision Systems for Mobile Applications,” IEEE CICC 2006, San Jose, CA, September 2006 (Invited)

72.         R. Philipp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Second Generation Single-Chip Imager,” IEEE ISCAS 2006, Kos, Greece, May 2006.

73.         N. Ekekwe, R. Etienne-Cummings and Peter Kazanzides, “Modeling and simulation of a VLSI chip for adaptive speed control of brushed DC motors”, IASTED International Conference on Control and Applications, Montreal, Canada, May 2006.

74.         F. Tenore, J. Vogelstein, R. Etienne-Cummings, G. Cauwenberghs and P. Hasler, “A Floating-Gate Programmable Array of Silicon Neurons for Central Pattern Generating Networks,” IEEE ISCAS 2006, Kos, Greece, May 2006.

75.         M. Chi, U. Mallik, E. Choi, M. Clapp, G. Cauwenberghs and R. Etienne-Cummings, “CMOS Pixel-Level ADC with Change Detection,” IEEE ISCAS 2006, Kos, Greece, May 2006.

76.         N. Ekekwe, R. Etienne-Cummings and P. Kazanzides, “A Configurable VLSI Chip for DC Motor Control for Compact, Low-Current Robotic Systems,” IEEE ISCAS 2006, Kos, Greece, May 2006.

77.         J. Vogelstein, R. Etienne-Cummings and A. Cohen, “Dynamic Control of Spinal Locomotion Circuits,” IEEE ISCAS 2006, Kos, Greece, May 2006.

78.         S. Mehta and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Normal Flow Measurement Visual Motion Sensor” IEEE ISCAS 2006, Kos, Greece, May 2006.

79.         V. Gruev, R. Philipp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “General Image Processing Chip in 3D Integration,” IEEE ISCAS 2006, Kos, Greece, May 2006.

80.         M. A. Lewis, F. Tenore and R. Etienne-Cummings, “CPG Design using Inhibitory Networks,”  Int. Conf. Robotics and Automation, Barcelona, Spain, 2005.

81.         M. Clapp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Sonar Echo-Location in 2D Using Mini-Microphone Array and Spatiotemporal Frequency Filtering,” IEEE ISCAS 2005, Kobe, Japan, May 2005.

82.         U. Mallik, R. J. Vogelstein, E. Culurciello, R. Etienne-Cummings and G. Cauwenbergs, “A Real-Time Spike Domain Sensory Information Processing System,” IEEE ISCAS 2005, Kobe, Japan, May 2005.

83.         U. Mallik, E. Choi, M. Clapp, G. Cauwenberghs and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Temporal Change Threshold Detection Imager,” ISSCC’05 Digest of Technical Papers, Vol. 48, Feb 2005.

84.         R. Philipp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A 1V Current-Mode CMOS Active Pixel Sensor,” IEEE ISCAS 2005, Kobe, Japan, May 2005.

85.         F. Tenore, R. J. Vogelstein, R. Etienne-Cummings, M. A. Lewis and P. Hasler, “A Spiking Silicon Central Pattern Generator with Floating Gates Synapses,” IEEE ISCAS 2005, Kobe, Japan, May 2005.

86.         R.J. Vogelstein, Thakor NV, Etienne-Cummings R, Cohen AH, “Electrical Stimulation of a Spinal Central Pattern Generator for Locomotion,” Proc. 2nd International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, Arlington, VA, pp. 475-478, 2005

87.         J. Vogelstein, U. Mallik, E. Culurciello, R. Etienne-Cummings and G. Cauwenbergs, “Spatial Acuity Modulation of an Address-Event Imager,” IEEE ICECS 2005, Tel Aviv, Israel, December 2004.

88.         V. Gruev and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Active Pixel Sensor with On-Chip Normal Flow Computation on the Read-Out,” IEEE ICECS 2005, Tel Aviv, Israel, December 2004.

89.         R. J. Vogelstein, U. Mallik, G. Cauwenberghs, E. Culurciello and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Saliency-Driven Image Acuity Modulation on a Reconfigurable Silicon Array of Spiking Neurons,”  Proc. of Neural Information Processing Systems, Vancouver, Canada, December 2004.

90.         F. Tenore, R. Etienne-Cummings and M. A. Lewis, “Entrainment of Silicon Central Pattern Generators for Legged Locomotory Control,” Proc. of Neural Information Processing Systems 16, S. Thrun, L. Saul and B. Scholkopf (Eds.), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2004.

91.         V. Gruev, T. Horiuchi and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Linear Current Mode Imager with Low Fix Pattern Noise” IEEE ISCAS’04, May 2004.

92.         S. Mehta and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Normal Optical Flow Measurement on a CMOS APS Imager” IEEE ISCAS’04, Vancouver, Canada, May 2004.

93.         M. Clapp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Bearing Angle Estimation For Sonar Micro-Array Using Analog VLSI Spatiotemporal Processing” IEEE ISCAS’04, Vancouver, Canada, May 2004.

94.         E. Culurciello and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Second Generation of High Dynamic Range, Arbitrated Digital Imager” IEEE ISCAS’04, Vancouver, Canada, May 2004.

95.         R. Philipp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “Low Power Current Rectifiers for Large-Scale Current-Mode Signal Processing” IEEE ISCAS’04, Vancouver, Canada, May 2004.

96.         S. Mehta and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A 2D Normal Flow Chip,” IEEE ISCAS’03, May 2003.

97.         R. Philipp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Single Chip Stereo System,” IEEE ISCAS’03, May 2003.

98.         T. Horiuch and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Time-Series Processor for Sonar Mapping and Novelty Detection,” IEEE ISCAS’03, May 2003.

99.         V. Gruev, Ralph Etienne-Cummings and M. Voronstov, “A Pipe-Lined Differencing Imager,” IEEE ISCAS’02, May 2002.

100.      M. Clapp and Ralph Etienne-Cummings, “Ultrasonic Bearing Estimation Using a MEMS Microphone Array and Spatiotemporal Filters,” IEEE ISCAS’02, May 2002.

101.      R. Phillip, B. Reddy, Ralph Etienne-Cummings and M. A. Lewis, “An Algorithm for a Single Chip Stereo Vision System,” IEEE ISCAS’02, May 2002.

102.      R. Etienne-Cummings, P. Pouliquen and M. A. Lewis, “A Single Chip for Color Segmentation, Histogramming and Object Recognition,” IEEE ISCAS’02, May 2002.

103.      R. Etienne-Cummings, P. Pouliquen and M. A. Lewis, “Single Chip for Color Segmentation, Histogramming and Object Recognition,” ISSCC’02 Digest of Technical Papers, Vol. 45, Feb 2002.

104.      E. Culurciello, R. Etienne-Cummings and K. Boahen, “Large Dynamic Range Arbitrated Address Event Representation Digital Image Sensor,” IEEE ISCAS*2001, Sydney, Australia, May 2001.

105.      M. Clapp and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Dual Pixel-Type Imager For Imaging And Motion Centroid Localization,” IEEE ISCAS*2001, Sydney, Australia, May 2001.

106.      R. Etienne-Cummings and Matthew Clapp, “Architecture For Source Localization With A Linear Ultrasonic Array,” IEEE ISCAS*2001, Sydney, Australia, May 2001.

107.      R. Etienne-Cummings, V. Gruev and E. Huh, “Single-Capacitor-Single-Contact Active Pixel,” IEEE ISCAS, Geneva, Switzerland, May 2000.

108.      E. Culurciello, R. Etienne-Cummings and K. Boahen, “Arbitrated Address Event Representation Digital Image Sensor,” ISSCC’01 Digest of Technical Papers, Vol. 44, pp. 92-93, Feb 2001.

109.      R. Etienne-Cummings, Viktor Gruev and Mohammed Abdel-Ghani, “VLSI Implementation of Motion Centroid Localization for Autonomous Navigation,” Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 11, S. A. Solla, T. K. Leen and K.-R. Müller (Eds.), MIT Press, pp. 685-691, 1999.

110.      R. Etienne-Cummings and Donghui Cai, “A General Purpose Image Processing Chip: Orientation Detection,” Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 10, M. Jordan, M. Kearns and S. Solla (Eds.), MIT Press, pp. 873-879, 1998.

111.      R. Etienne-Cummings, J. Van der Spiegel and P. Mueller, Mao-zhu Zhang, “A Foveated Tracking Chip,” ISSCC’97 Digest of Technical Papers, Vol. 40, pp. 38-39, Feb. 1997.

112.      R. Etienne-Cummings, J. Van der Spiegel and P. Mueller, “VLSI Implementation of Cortical Motion Detection Using an Analog Neural Computer,” Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 9, M. Mozer, M. Jordan and T. Petsche (Eds.), MIT Press, pp. 685-691, 1997.

113.      R. Etienne-Cummings, J. Van der Spiegel and P. Mueller, “A Visual Smooth Pursuit Tracking Chip,” Advances in Neural Information Processing systems 8, D. Touretzky, M. Mozer and M. Jordan (Eds.), pp. 706-712, 1996.

114.      V. Gruev and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Programmable Spatiotemporal Processing Chip,” IEEE ISCAS, Geneva, Switzerland, May 2000.

115.      T. Lewis, R. Etienne-Cummings, M. Hartmann and A. Cohen, “Towards Biomorphic Control Using aVLSI CPG Chips,” Proc. IEEE ICRA, San Francisco, CA, April 2000.

116.      P. Mueller, J. Van der Spiegel, D. Blackman, C. Donham and R. Etienne-Cummings, “A Programmable Analog Neural Computer with Applications to speech Recognition”, Proc. 1995 Conf. Inf. Science and Systems, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, June 1995.

117.      R. Etienne-Cummings, C. Donham, J. Van der Spiegel and P. Mueller, “Spatiotemporal Computation with a General Purpose Analog Computer:  Real-Time Visual Motion Estimation”, Proceedings of ICNN, Orlando, FL., June 26-July 2 1994.

118.      J. Van der Spiegel, R. Etienne-Cummings, C. Donham, S. Fernando, D. Blackman and P. Mueller, “Large-Scale Analog Neural Computer with Programmable Architecture and Programmable Time-Constants for Temporal Pattern Analysis”, Proceedings of ICNN, Orlando, June 26-July 2 1994.

119.      R. Etienne-Cummings, S. Fernando, N. Takahashi, V. Shtonov, J. Van der Spiegel and P. Mueller, “A New Temporal Domain Optical Flow Measurement Technique for Focal Plane VLSI Implementation,” CAMP 93, M. Bayoumi, L. Davis and K. Valavanis (Eds.), pp. 241-251, 1993.

120.      R. Etienne-Cummings, J. Van der Spiegel, C. Donham, S. Fernando, R. Hathaway, P. Mueller and D. Blackman, “A General Purpose Analog Neural Computer and a Silicon Retina for Real Time Target Acquisition, Recognition and Tracking,” CAMP 93, M. Bayoumi, L. Davis and K. Valavanis (Eds.), pp. 48-57, 1993.

121.      R. Etienne-Cummings, S.A. Fernando, J. Van der Spiegel and P. Mueller, “Real Time 2-D Analog Motion Detector VLSI Circuit,” Proc. IJCNN ‘92, Vol. IV, pp. 426-431, 1992.

122.      P. Mueller, J. Van der Spiegel, V. Agami, P. Aziz, D. Blackman, P. Chance, A. Choudhury, C. Donham, R. Etienne-Cummings, L. Jones, P. Kinget, W. von Koch, J. Kim and J. Xin, “Design and Performance of a Prototype General Purpose Analog Neural Computer,” Proc. Intl. Joint Conf. on Neural Systems, Vol. I, pp. 463-468, 1991.